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Feb 27th, 2015
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Week 2 Discussion 2

LEA439: Politics & Law Enforcement

Confrontational vs. Cooperative Models

Compare the confrontational and cooperative police labor-management models. What organizational circumstances are necessary for each model to be successful? What organizational or community situations make one model more appropriate than the other? Which model do you prefer?  

Police reforms have been a major factor in the upholding of security and justice of any particular country across all countries and divides. Without this reforms all/ most heads of states will face a difficult task in the running of the countries both internal and external conflicts especially those in war ton areas. This therefore brings us to the different kinds of police reforms that are mostly widespread all around and they can be confrontational police reforms and cooperative police reforms.

  Cooperative police reforms are those which a police officer would sit down and discuss with different people and know the dos and don’ts of the mistakes one has committed. This comes out as the first step before any further judgment is implemented. Confrontational police reforms on the other hand works with the process of administering a certain amount of force to combat an issue that has already surpassed the cooperation bit in that the person committing the crime and the officers in charge have failed to come to an honest agreement and conclusion (Principles of Good Policing, 2013).

  Cooperative reforms on their part need a place where there are other risks that play a part in a position where if they use any kind of force, they will be undermining or risking the lives of the people around, for example in a case of hostages, the officers would first have to talk to the suspects so that they can try not to put the lives of the innocent people at harm’s way. The confrontational model is to be implemented if the suspect resists arrest and it involves a different kind of threat if they are certainly sure they would eliminate the target without further loss of lives or loss of properties.

  Different situations will call for different  sorts of labor models to be implemented in that if the person committing the crime will be a threat to the people around, there will have to be the cooperation bit of it so that they can try and reduce the damage  that the suspect would cause. In other cases, even though the suspect is too much of a threat and tends to not care of the damages he/she inflicts on others will be a different cause of action which will be to use the prescribed amount of force awarded to them hence the confrontational bit of the police reform models come into play (Lentz & Chaires, 2007)

  On my part, when the threat is not too hard the best kind of reform to use is the cooperation bit where they would try to come up with the best solution to deal with the issue at hand but if the suspect becomes a hard nut to crack then I would agree with the confrontation bit of it all.

  In the long run, however, the best kind of reform model to use is the cooperation police reform model as it does not enhance violence or any form of force or better yet, any loss of lives both to the people and the offenders of the community. This policy also will work to enhance the coming together of the people and the police to help in fighting crimes against humanity.

According to Chief Hurtt a police chief in Phoenix

“I think we’ve been successful in the past in the traditional role of police chief.

After all, that’s what it took to get us where we are today. But now we have to understand that we have to change from the traditional model, and change doesn’t have to be fatal. To change doesn’t mean something was wrong before. There’s always room for improvement in what we do” (DeLord, & Sanders,  2006, p.64).


DeLord, R., & Sanders, J. (2006, August). Police labor-management relations (vol. I): Perspective and practical solution for implementing change, making reforms, and handling crisis for managers and union leaders. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Retrieved from http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/files/ric/Publications/e07063417.pdf

Lentz, Susan A; Chaires, Robert H. (2007) The Invention of Peel’s Principle: A Study of Policing “Textbook” History”. Journal of Criminal Justice

“Principles of Good Policing”. The Institute for the study of Civil Society. Retrieved 29th December 2013

can you cut out the last two references and just use the first one thanks this is due today

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