Business Finance
Rasmussen College Hate Crimes Against Police Literature Review

Rasmussen College

Question Description

Your literature review is a comprehensive review of sources you have chosen to use for your final project. The literature review should include 8-10 sources related specifically to your topic. Each source should be: described and explained, reviewed for quality, and clearly defined in terms of how it will be used for your thesis. The reader should have a clear understanding of what the source is and why it is was chosen for your review. Be sure to complete the assignment using proper APA formatting. Your literature review should be approximately 9-15 pages in length.


For my topic I am covering Hate Crimes against police.

Final Answer

Attached.

Literature Review: Hate Crimes against the Police – Outline
Thesis statement: The literature review creates a great understanding of the examples of hate
crimes against police, reasons for such hate crimes, their consequences, and the necessary
measures that may be used to reduce them.
I. Introduction.
II. Background
i. Cases of hate crimes against police
III. Causes and reasons of hate crimes against police
IV. Results of hate crime against police
V. Possible measures on preventing hate crimes against police.


Running head: HATE CRIMES AGAINST THE POLICE

Literature Review: Hate Crimes against the Police
Name
Institution

1

HATE CRIMES AGAINST THE POLICE

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Literature Review: Hate Crimes against the Police
Many people might wonder what hate crimes which are also known as bias crimes are,
the reasons behind them, their consequences and how they can even stop them. In this regard,
there are different definitions of hate crimes depending on various perspectives (Craig, 2002).
However, the general definition of a hate crime can be felonies provoked by injustices relating to
any protected class such as race, religion, disability, nationality, gender, ethnicity, gender
identity and sexual orientation (Gerstenfeld, 2004). At times, hate crimes can also involve the
crimes that are motivated by professional injustice. An example is the hate crimes against the
police. The literature review creates a great understanding of the cases of hate crimes against
police, reasons for such hate crimes, their consequences, and the necessary measures that may be
used to reduce them.
Background
The act of resisting arrest may be considered as a hate crime against police in Louisiana.
According to Craven (2016), it came to be in May 2016 when the governor of Louisiana, John
Bel Edwards signed the “blue lives matter” bill, which protects police officers under the hate
crimes statute. Since the governor enacted resisting arrest as a hate crime in the legislation, the
St. Martinville police chief, Calder Heber said that they will be charging people with a felony
hate crime anytime they resist arrest and that it will be punishable by ten years in prison.
However, this may not be effective as other policemen can use this to their advantage. When one
of those officers seizes people’s arms when he or she wants to arrest them, and they make a
slight movement, they will assume that the person is resisting arrest and have they charged.
Moreover, when a person is wrongly arrested and tries to resist the unwarranted arrest, then he or

HATE CRIMES AGAINST THE POLICE

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she will still be accused of a felony hate crime and face ten years in prison, regardless of the
perceptions that those arrested have about the police. The primary element of a hate crime is
hate, but in this case, the police no longer care about that since the law has given them too much
authority (Craven, 2016). Other police officers might also take advantage of this law to arrest
people who they do not like. Referring to resisting arrest as a hate crime can increase biases in
the security system and even make a few groups of civilians suffer or enjoy this privilege
depending on whether the police officer likes them or not.
Also, the California bill views the attacks on police officers as a hate crime (McGreevy,
2016). The bill was introduced by the state Assemblyman Jay Obernolte after he was alarmed by
the waves of shooting targeting the police. The Texas Senate will pass the bill attacking a police
officer as a hate crime in 2017 and will charge it as a felony hate crime which may lead to a
sentence of up to 2 years in jail. They perform this action to reduce the number of harassing
cases against the police and enable to them have authority. McGreevy (2016) points out that
charging attacks on police as a hate crime also allows police officers to work comfortably and
full of zeal as they are sure that they are being protected. In Kentucky, the Governor, Matt Bevin
signed attacks on police officers as a hate crime into law legislation and declared that the law
goes into effect on July 1, 2017. He believes that police officers are vital people in the society
and should be protected and treated right to enable them to do their job effectively.
The American lawmakers value police officers greatly. Therefore, they also included
threatening a police officer as a hate crime. Silver (2017) outlines that the bill was passed by the
Texas Senate in May 2017 and the governor of Texas promised that severe punishment would be
given to people who threaten a police officer. A threat is what leads to the instances of harming
police officers, and the Texas Senate is firmly against such occurrences. However, the level of

HATE CRIMES AGAINST THE POLICE

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penalties on the accused increases if the p...

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