Mental Disorder, abnormal psychology paper rubric help

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Dues 20 july Name: Abnormal Psychology Paper Rubric Points Point earned tittle 6 pages 8 with references + page. 3 Grammar Demonstrate accurate understanding of the mental disorder 5 Discussion of the role culture plays in the Prevalence of the disorder 5 5 Discussion of the role culture plays in the diagnosis (assessment) of the disorder 5 Discussion of the role culture plays in the Understanding (cause) of the disorder Discussion of the role culture plays in the treatment of the disorder 5 At least 5 references (no online references) 2. Total /30
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Mental Disorder

Accurate Understanding of Mental Disorder


The role played by culture in the in the prevalence of mental disorder


The role played by culture in the in the diagnosis of mental disorder


The role played by culture in the in the understanding (cause) of mental disorder


The role played by culture in the in the treatment of mental disorder



Mental Disorder
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Date of Submission



Accurate Understanding of Mental Disorder
The question of the abnormal behavior and the possible deviance from the cross-cultural
context have been raised. This has been motivated by the fact that what is considered
inappropriate and abnormal in a certain cultural context may be considered as normal and what is
expected in another cultural context. According to Alarcón (2009), mental disorder also known
as psychiatric disorder refers to the mind disorder involving behaviors, emotions and thoughts
that leads to self or many other significant distress. The significant distress of mental disorder
means that the affected person does not function well or even meet personal requirements. There
are many categories of serious mental disorder that include; Personality disorders, dissociative
disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders and trauma disorders.
There are many signs and symptoms of serious mental disorders which include;
pessimism or hopelessness feelings, poor concentration, difficulty in remembering things and
decisions making (Jimenez, Cardenas & Daliwal, 2008). A person suffering from serious mental
disorders also experiences guilty feelings and worthlessness, reduced energy, irritability and
persistent anxious or sadness. A person also may require seeing a mental health professional if
he/she experiences aches or pains, cramps, headaches or digestive complications which have no
apparent physical cause and doesn't improve with treatment.

The role played by culture in the in the prevalence of mental disorder
One of the role played by culture in the in the prevalence of mental disorder is that
culture is thought to determine the pattern of certain specific mental disorders. Through the
anthropological literature, there are certain names which refer to certain cultural specific
disorders (Jimenez, Cardenas & Daliwal, 2008). Each of the names to the mental disorder in a



certain cultural context includes in it a combination of the symptoms of the mental disorder
which are found in that cultural specific area and it has a close link with the cultural beliefs and
practices and the symptoms. For instance Witiko, among the Ojibwa Indians of the north east
woodlands refers to a form of homicidal spree which occurs when one person kills and eats the
members of their this regard what could be referred to as delusional excitement, the
patients believe that they are possessed by the spirits of their cultural mythology, the Witiko
which is a cannibalistic monster. The other example is Koro which is an anxiety state in which
the delusion withdraws the male sexual organs into the abdomen. The mental disorder is
associated with the fear of death in the culture where the sexual organs are feared to disappear
from the corpse (Alegría et al…, 2012). Among the main explanations which have been given to
account for such mental disorders in different cultures is that the reaction based on physical
disease is patterned by the expression of certain cultural elements. Some other people associate
the variation in reaction to the varied reaction on to the stress of severe environment, long time
of isolation and the severe strain of role characteristics in the culture.
The above explanations are not mutually exclusive. There are some culturally localized
syndromes which are possibly considered as neurotic stats which involves suggestibility. In this
regard, their symptoms are produced by the experience one has of growing up in a certain culture
and having internalized its sentiments (Jimenez, Cardenas & Daliwal, 2008).
The other role played by culture in the prevalence of the mental disorders is that culture is
thought to produce the basic personality types some, which are very vulnerable to the mental
disorders. There are certain personalities and certain inclination symptoms which are associated
with certain cultures. In the employment of the above concepts, culture and personality are taken
to be two aspects of the same phenomena. This has created a way for the study of personality



through the cultural perspective rather than from an individual perspective. For instance, an
analysis of the child rearing practices, the kinship arrangements and social cultural stresses as
well as the myths and religion, the basic personality types postulated are different in different
cultures. The basic personality is one of the core values which one gets from their specific
culture. Once a person's personality has been established it can then be analyzed from a
psychiatric point of view as to its vulnerability (Jimenez, Cardenas & Daliwal, 2008). Therefore
if at the cultural level the group practices and beliefs are found to have psychiatric implications,
then it can be assumed that individuals from that culture are likely to have those psychological
weaknesses. The other aspect is that culture may be considered to cause mental disorder through
certain child rearing practices (Alarcón, 2009). While the personality of a person is formulated
by looking at the culture as a whole, in the present case the focus is more on the socialization of
the individual in their early years. A different interpretation of the culture has some significance
in their probable effects in for the mental disorder among the adults. Given that culture portrays
significant variation in customs, it accounts for differences in the occurrence of the mental
disorders. In this regard, there are certain rules which are said to contribute to certain types of
mental disorder though them being the main source of conflict and stress. Cu...

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