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Running head: MEDICAL ERRORS
Patients visit medical facilities as places of reprieve for their various illnesses. They
invest their resources, time and faith in the medical systems in the hope that in the fullness of
time, they will come out of the other end of the system duly treated. Medical practitioners, on the
other hand, dispense with their mandate as the sole custodians of health, exercising due diligence
and exerting themselves to the fullest to ensure that the best interest of the patient is upheld.
However, we must be alive the fact that human beings are prone to error and therefore mistakes
are inevitable one way or the other.
The medical realm is majorly personnel oriented and as such the same is prone to suffer
the demerits of human error. Further, the systems and infrastructure within the industry are also
run and maintained by the said personnel, therefore also being conduits of the mistakes. Having
appreciated the fact that the errors occur in the course of transactions, then the industry must
come up with ways to ensure that the same are optimally avoided, and if they occur, their effect
is mitigated within the shortest time possible.
Statement of the problem
"Medical error" has received diverse definitions over time, some of which fail to capture
the real essence of the phenomenon. The term error, being the operative word in the phrase,
alludes to either a commission or an omission. The former, in the context of medical errors, refer
to the commission of an act with the aim of achieving a particular outcome, only to make a
different and unintended consequence (Naessens, 2017). This definition extends to the instances
when a practitioner applies the wrong plan to achieve an intended result, therefore giving rise to
the errors referred to as ‘error of planning.' This segment, in essence, alludes to a definite and
The latter, on the other hand, refers to instances when practitioners fail to commit an act
that is required of them in the circumstances. Errors of omission arise when the practitioners
have a particular and identifiable obligation to act in a certain way in reaction to a given
situation. The error results when they fail to go ahead with the said cause of action, and as a
consequence, the patient suffers an injury (Makary & Daniel, 2016). However, we must
appreciate the fact that in as much as errors are mostly deemed deliberate, such omissions may
be as a result of innocent oversight or an unintended omission.
To remedy the scenarios that arise from the errors discussed above, the practitioners need
to identify the error first then settle in the most appropriate way to address it. This segment,
therefore, requires that the practitioners be made aware of the various types of the errors and the
means of identifying them. The said means of identification of the errors would be discussed
later in this paper, alongside the various types of errors that are likely to be encountered. Once
they have been positively identified, the practitioners then must formulate a cause of action with
which to address them to achieve the best results possible.
The topic of medical error and patient safety has been the subj...