Medical Errors

Question Description

  • The length of the final paper should be approximately 8–10 pages, double-spaced in MS Word. ****See attachment**
  • TOPIC: Describe the problem of medical errors in the U.S. delivery system. Evaluate the effectiveness of selected programs aimed at reducing medical errors in the U.S. healthcare system; discuss one or more of the most effective measures identified to date and make recommendations for additional action.

The paper must include the following sections:

BACKGROUND 10Describe the problem, organization, or situation you selected; identify the specific issues of interest or controversy; and present background/facts of the problem, organization, or situation that will enable the reader to clearly understand the issue.
DEFINE THE PROBLEM 10Identify and clearly state the problem, the management issue, in which an element of the identified problem or situation is not meeting expectations. Remember that what appears to be the problem may actually be just a symptom of a bigger problem – dig deep to be sure you've identified the real problems. If there appears to be more than one problem/issue, decide if they are separate or related issues. State the problem in the form of a question. For example, if a work group is not performing effectively, an effective problem statement might be "How can the staff shortage improve?" rather than simply "Short Staff problems."
LITERATURE REVIEW 35Present what you discovered in your search of the literature. Review issues, theories, concepts, and studies discussed in class and in our textbook, and review what other writers/researchers have to say about the subject of your analysis. Discuss the concepts, ideas, or insights that are most valuable in helping you make sense of your project. What theories can you use? What writers say something of value? Why is it of value? Which models are the least helpful, and why? What theories or concepts will you challenge or criticize because your findings are different? In short, demonstrate an understanding of the literature and apply it sensibly to the problem. This is not a course in applied commonsense; however, such practical intelligence is important, especially in the application stage. A literature review is like playing a video game in which you are in a chamber with many doors. As you open each door, you uncover clues to help you progress to the next level. Similarly, in a literature review, your objective is to open the doors that can point the way to solving your business problem. Begin your literature review with a broad look at your field of interest, then narrow your focus until you zero in on the essential issues of concern. NOTE: A literature review is a required element of this assignment. A good rule of thumb is to review at least 10 resources, beyond the textbook and class readings, to ensure the effectiveness of your research.
PROBLEM ANALYSIS 30This section should provide a detailed analysis of the causes of the problem(s) or issue(s) you identified in Section II. A major objective is to clearly illustrate how you are using the healthcare course concepts (as well as what your learned from your literature review) to better understand the causes of the problem(s) or issue(s). Show that you are applying course material! (Note: Use subheadings to identify each factor you address.)
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS30Explore three solutions that could be appropriate ways to solve the identified problem/issue. Be sure these solutions are logical based on your analysis and that they each would effectively treat the problem, not the symptoms. Also, discuss the anticipated outcomes (both positive and negative) of implementing each of the possible solutions you identified.
SOLUTION AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION35Outline your recommended solution to the problem/issue, one of the alternatives explored in Section V, or a combination of those alternatives. State your solution clearly and specifically. Describe exactly what should be done and how it should be done, including by whom, with whom, and in what sequence. Here are some points to keep in mind as you write this section:
  • Have I indicated an awareness of the problem of implementation (the how aspect)?
  • Have I been specific enough? For example, a general solution might state, "The healthcare manager needs to realize that his or her style should match the situation."
  • A specific solution would state what style is most appropriate for the situation and how you will attempt to the have the manager realize the appropriate style.
  • What aspects of the problem remain unresolved by my solution?
  • Does my recommended solution and implementation plan address the problem/issues and causes identified in the previous sections?
  • Does my solution consider and resolve the identified pros and cons?
  • How will I evaluate the effectiveness of the implemented recommended solution?
  • What process checks or procedures will I put in place to institutionalize the improvement?
  • Could my solution cause other problems/issues? What risks are inherent in the solution you recommend? What contingency plans do you recommend?
  • Assess the realism of your proposed action plan. For example, is there adequate time, money, or other resources for your solution? In addition, does your solution place too much reliance on other people being reasonable or what you think is reasonable?
JUSTIFICATION25Justify why your recommended solution and its implementation will solve the identified problem/issue in the organization/unit you selected. An important element of this section is to show very clearly how you applied course concepts to arrive at a workable solution and a successful implementation. Apply appropriate course material; support your conclusions with appropriately referenced facts, quotes, and readings; and be sure your justification addresses identified pros and cons.
REFERENCES25All citations in the paper must appear in the reference list, and all references must be cited in the text of the paper. Choose references judiciously and cite them accurately. Citations of an author's work in the text documents your work, briefly identifies the source for readers, and enables readers to locate the source of information in the alphabetical reference list at the end of the paper. To use the ideas or words of another without crediting the source is plagiarism.Plagiarism, in its purest form, involves copying of entire passages either verbatim or nearly verbatim, with no direct acknowledgment of the source. The most common (and unconscious) form of plagiarism is when a direct quotation is simply paraphrased. Paraphrasing does not relieve you of the obligation to provide proper identification of source data. The best way to avoid plagiarism is to make sure all quotes, ideas, or conclusions not your own are given proper acknowledgment in your text.

Final Answer

Here you go. In case of any further inputs, please let me know.All the best!I appreciate working with you!

Running head: MEDICAL ERRORS


Medical Errors


Medical errors

Patients visit medical facilities as places of reprieve for their various illnesses. They
invest their resources, time and faith in the medical systems in the hope that in the fullness of
time, they will come out of the other end of the system duly treated. Medical practitioners, on the
other hand, dispense with their mandate as the sole custodians of health, exercising due diligence
and exerting themselves to the fullest to ensure that the best interest of the patient is upheld.
However, we must be alive the fact that human beings are prone to error and therefore mistakes
are inevitable one way or the other.
The medical realm is majorly personnel oriented and as such the same is prone to suffer
the demerits of human error. Further, the systems and infrastructure within the industry are also
run and maintained by the said personnel, therefore also being conduits of the mistakes. Having
appreciated the fact that the errors occur in the course of transactions, then the industry must
come up with ways to ensure that the same are optimally avoided, and if they occur, their effect
is mitigated within the shortest time possible.
Statement of the problem
"Medical error" has received diverse definitions over time, some of which fail to capture
the real essence of the phenomenon. The term error, being the operative word in the phrase,
alludes to either a commission or an omission. The former, in the context of medical errors, refer
to the commission of an act with the aim of achieving a particular outcome, only to make a
different and unintended consequence (Naessens, 2017). This definition extends to the instances
when a practitioner applies the wrong plan to achieve an intended result, therefore giving rise to



the errors referred to as ‘error of planning.' This segment, in essence, alludes to a definite and
deliberate act.
The latter, on the other hand, refers to instances when practitioners fail to commit an act
that is required of them in the circumstances. Errors of omission arise when the practitioners
have a particular and identifiable obligation to act in a certain way in reaction to a given
situation. The error results when they fail to go ahead with the said cause of action, and as a
consequence, the patient suffers an injury (Makary & Daniel, 2016). However, we must
appreciate the fact that in as much as errors are mostly deemed deliberate, such omissions may
be as a result of innocent oversight or an unintended omission.
To remedy the scenarios that arise from the errors discussed above, the practitioners need
to identify the error first then settle in the most appropriate way to address it. This segment,
therefore, requires that the practitioners be made aware of the various types of the errors and the
means of identifying them. The said means of identification of the errors would be discussed
later in this paper, alongside the various types of errors that are likely to be encountered. Once
they have been positively identified, the practitioners then must formulate a cause of action with
which to address them to achieve the best results possible.
Literature review
The topic of medical error and patient safety has been the subj...

CASIMIR (24463)
Cornell University

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