Medical Ethics 8 definitions.

Health & Medical
Tutor: None Selected Time limit: 1 Day

What is autonomy, non-maleficence,beneficence, utility, justice, fidelity, confidentiality, and truthfulness in medical ethics. 

Mar 4th, 2015

In a medical context, respect for a patient's personal autonomy is considered one of many fundamental ethical principles in medicine. Autonomy can be defined as the ability of the person to make his or her own decisions

Non-maleficence means to “do no harm.” Physicians must refrain from providing ineffective treatments or acting with malice toward patients.  This principle, however, offers little useful guidance to physicians since many beneficial therapies also have serious risks.  The pertinent ethical issue is whether the benefits outweigh the burdens.

Beneficence is action that is done for the benefit of others. Beneficent actions can be taken to help prevent or remove harms or to simply improve the situation of others

utility In biomedical ethics and clinical decision analysis,is the satisfaction or economic advantage gained from the outcome that results from a particular decision

Justice.The idea that the burdens and benefits of new or experimental treatments must be distributed equally among all groups insociety. Requires that procedures uphold the spirit of existing laws and are fair to all players involved.  The health care provider must consider four main areas when evaluating justice: fair distribution of scarce resources, competing needs, rights and obligations, and potential conflicts with established legislation.  Reproductive technologies create ethical dilemmas because treatment is not equally available to all people.

Fidelity means do as you say you will do plus respect other peoples confidentiality

confidentiality is the principle in medical ethics that the information a patient reveals to a health care provider is private and has limits on how and when it can be disclosed to a third party

Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with facts and reality.Telling the fact to the clients


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