The US Constitution has been called a "set of commitments" due to the fact that the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 had to compromise on many key points in order to create a new constitution acceptable to each of states. A list of the key commitments that helped the US Constitution becomes a reality presents.
The Articles of Confederation under which the United States and operated from 1781-1787 provided that each state would be represented by a vote in Congress. When changes were discussing how states should be represented during the creation of a new Constitution, two plans were pushed forward. The Virginia Plan provided representation based on the population of each state. Moreover, the Plan of New Jersey wanted equal representation for all states. The Great Compromise, also called the Connecticut Compromise, combining both plans. It was decided that there would be two houses of Congress: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate is based on equal representation and the House is based on population.
Two plans were proposed during the Constitutional Convention to create new branches of government. The Virginia Plan wanted a strong national government with three branches. The legislature would have two houses. One would be elected directly by the people and the second would be selected for the first house of the people appointed by the legislatures of the states. In addition, the president and the national judiciary would be elected by the national legislature. Moreover, the Plan of New Jersey wanted a more decentralized plan amending the old items still allowing a somewhat stronger government. Each state would have one vote in Congress.
The Great Compromise combined these two plans of creating our current legislature with two houses, a function of population and elected by the people and the other house that allows two senators per state being appointed by state legislatures
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