final review

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Music 15, Final Exam Study Guide Winter 2022 Below is a collection of key terms, people, musical works, and study questions that will guide your preparation for the final exam on either Thursday, March 10th (during normal class-time) or Wednesday, March 16th, at 12:00pm. The exam will consist of three essay questions drawn from three of the following units: 5, 6, 7, 8. You will be asked to respond to each prompt in 2-3 full paragraphs. Unit 5 Key Terms, People, and Musical Works to Know Musical Exoticism (Pure) exoticism vs. Autoexoticism Romantic Nationalism Georges Bizet Carmen Fryderyk Chopin Mazurka in A minor op.17, no 4 Igor Stravinsky The Rite of Spring Study Questions  What is exoticism? How does it relate to Romantic Nationalism?  What are the exotic elements present in Georges Bizet’s Carmen? How is the character Carmen treated differently than the character Don José?  How does the pure exoticism of Carmen compare to the autoexoticism of The Rite of Spring?  How do Chopin’s music and experiences in Paris relate to exoticism, autoexoticism, and romantic nationalism? Unit 6 Key Terms, People, and Musical Works to Know Modernism Characteristics of musical modernism 12-Tone Method/Serialism Chance/Indeterminacy Minimalism Darmstadt Arnold Schoenberg Pierrot Lunaire Ruth Crawford Seeger String Quartet 1931 Pierre Boulez Structures 1 John Cage Music of Changes 4’33’’ Terry Riley In C Study Questions  Describe some of the general characteristics of musical modernism. Are these characteristics reflected in the music of Arnold Schoenberg? How did the public react to this music?  How are Boulez’s serial music and Cage’s chance music similar and different, both conceptually and musically?  What are the characteristics of musical minimalism? Describe the creation and reception of this music as it relates to the modernist musical establishment. Unit 7 Key Terms, People, and Musical Works to Know Traditional (or Dixieland) Jazz Swing Bebop Early synthesizers (the RCA mk. II and the Moog) Duke Ellington Take the “A” Train Ornette Coleman Snowflakes and Sunshine Wynton Marsalis vs. Herbie Hancock Bebe and Louis Barron Forbidden Planet soundtrack Milton Babbitt Philomel Wendy Carlos Switched on Bach Study Questions     How did the specific conditions in New Orleans at the close of the 19th century lead to the creation of jazz? What were the developments within jazz that transformed it from a predominantly “popular” music to more of an “art” music? Use swing and bebop styles to articulate this difference. Describe the popular reception of pre-Moog electronic music (like Bebe Barron’s Forbidden Planet soundtrack and/or Milton Babbitt’s Philomel). What was it about the Moog synthesizer, and Wendy Carlos’s use of it, that helped facilitate its use in popular music? Unit 8 Primitivism Harlem Renaissance The Cotton Club Brasilidade Jikken Kobo Gagaku Joseph Bologne, Chevalier de St. Georges Symphony no. 1 in G major, i William Grant Still Afro-American Symphony Julius Eastman Feminine or Stay on It Heitor Villa-Lobos Chôros no.3 Toru Takemitsu A Flock Descends into the Pentagonal Garden Study Questions     Joseph Bologne’s life was inescapably shaped by both his African and French lineage: describe his career trajectory comment on his exclusion from the musical canon. Who were the intended consumers of Duke Ellington’s “jungle sound” at the Cotton Club in Harlem? How might this connect with what we have described as “imagined” ideas of Africa? How does Primitivism relate to this? How did Heitor Villa-Lobos adapt local Indigenous and popular music to explore Brazilian identity in classical music? Describe Toru Takemitsu’s evolving relationship to Japanese traditional music (like gagaku), and how that affected his compositional style.
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What is exoticism? How does it relate to Romantic Nationalism?
Exoticism is where the arrangement of instrumentations, rhythms, and melodies brings a
different culture to the composer (Sindhumathi 255). It relates to romantic Nationalism in that a
composer can decide to create a piece of music promoting Nationalism or inspiring patriotic
feelings in a foreign country's fashion.
What are the exotic elements present in Georges Bizet’s Carmen? How is the character
Carmen treated differently than the character Don José?
The exotic elements present include; promiscuous costumes and dancing, afro Cuban pop
songs, anti-establishment, opera comique. They also entail a non-diegetic and diegetic untypical
relationship between Don Jose and Carmen. Carmen is accompanied by diegetic music, where
Carmen sings in the "Habanera." In contrast, Don Jose is accompanied with non-diegetic music,
where Don Jose expresses his feelings in the "Flower Song" but sings for the sake of opera
tradition, not for the plot.
How does the pure exoticism of Carmen compare to the auto exoticism of The Rite of
Spring?
The pure exoticism of carmen evoked habanera, a Cuban dance. In contrast, a...


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