Treatment versus Punishment, law homework help

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Question Description

Treatment versus Punishment: That is the Question!

When looking at the relationship between social justice and juvenile justice, there are two overarching concepts when addressing juvenile delinquency - treatment and punishment. These two concepts have driven a cycle of changes in the juvenile justice system over the years. Your task is to support your premise that your state or city should either implement a philosophy of treatment or punishment for juvenile offenders for a specific crime or criminal justice issue identified in your paper.

  • Explain the differences between the treatment and punishment concepts. Build the case for which one you believe has the stronger position based on your research and the crime or criminal justice issue you selected to study.
  • Review the juvenile crime statistics between three cities or states in three different parts of the country (e.g., Boston, Chicago, and Seattle) for a crime or criminal justice issue. Incorporate a graphic display to present your findings. Be sure to include at least three demographic items, such as gender, ethnicity, race, education, or socio-economic status, in your analysis. Ensure you standardize your data (i.e., 1:1000; 1:10,000; or 1: 100,000) and incorporate the scale in a key for each chart.
  • Identify the prevailing thought in the city or state: Is it treatment or punishment? Analyze the differences in the recidivism rates between the cities or states you have selected? Is recidivism the best indicator of success or failure or should we use a different indicator?
  • In Chapters 2 and 3 of the text, our author addresses biological, psychological and sociological theories to help explain juvenile delinquency. Evaluate which of these theories would best support your thesis.
  • Support which juvenile justice intervention strategy would be effective to counter the crime or criminal justice issue based on your research?
  • Conclude with a summary of which concept (treatment or punishment) best supports the over arching concept of social justice?

The paper must be ten to twelve pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least six scholarly resources (at least four of which must be found in the Ashford Online Library) other than the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.

Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:

  • Must be ten to twelve double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  • Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  • Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  • Must use at least six scholarly resources, including a minimum of four from the Ashford University Library.
  • Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

Tutor Answer

School: University of Virginia



Running Head: Treatment verses Punishment

Treatment verse Punishment
Student name:
Institutional affiliation:


Treatment verse Punishment
Treatment verse Punishment
Paragraph 1: People under the age of 18 who have been accused of committing a criminal or
delinquent act are processed through the juvenile justice system.
Paragraph 2: Treatment and punishment are different in criminal justice because each one is
intended to serve a different purpose. Punishment is intended to deter the society or individual
offenders from breaking the law.
Paragraph 3: Often punishment may not be enough for an individual to improve one’s past ways.
After the punishment end the person is likely to return to his or her past ways.
Case Study
Paragraph 4: In New Jersey law, on-violent drug offenders are eligible in a drug court which is a
five-year probation term that involves and it involves intensive efforts to overcome drug
addiction and dependence.
Paragraph 5: The most effective approach is treatment as opposed to punishment. Treatment is
often less expensive compared to a term imprisonment, therefore it saves a lot of money as an
alternative to incarceration.
Juvenile Crime Statistics in Chicago
Paragraph 6: Chicago police station is second largest in the United States and has employed
about 14,973 members who are serving 2.9 million residents.
Juvenile Crime review in Boston
Paragraph 7: The overall crime by youth in Boston has decreased from 9,457 incidents in 2006 t0
7,101 in 2009, this is according to Boston police Department.


Treatment verse Punishment
Juvenile crime statistics in New Jersey
Paragraph 8: The following figures show number of juvenile arrests per 1000 youths aged 10 to
17 in New Jersey.Juvenile arrest in 2009 rate was 53.1.
Recidivism in Chicago
Paragraph 9: Recidivism in Chicago relates in four elements: re-arrested-incarceration in a
juvenile facility, re-incarceration from conviction in a juvenile court and incarceration in an adult
Recidivism in Boston
Paragraph 10: Recidivism in Boston city has decreased because of the of the correctional
facilities abilities to achieve targets and objectives in relation to minimizing the criminal
offences in the region
Recidivism in New Jersey
Paragraph 11: New Jersey has expanded the mandatory drug court program. It was started in
1996 and it has diverted many non-violent offenders from the prisons via supervised drug
Juvenile Delinquency Theories
‘paragraph 12: Once a criminal always a criminal’ this is a very common American saying and
many find it to be true. Once a person associates him or herself with some kind of a criminal
behaviour they are labelled by the society and are expected to reoffend.


Treatment verse Punishment
Paragraph 13: In addition, there are various major social factors that that affect or cause
delinquent behaviour such as community conditions, levels of violence, racial disparity, poverty
and social relations.
Juvenile justice Intervention strategy
Paragraph 14: An effective intervention plays a major role in diminishing the rates of juvenile


Treatment verse Punishment

Barry, B. M. (2005). Why Social Justice matters . Cambridge: Polity.
Bonthuys, E., & Albertyn, C. (2007). Gender,law and justice. Cape Town: Juta.
Cramme, O., & Diamong, P. (2009). Social Justice in the global age. Cambridge: Malden.
Davis, T., & Harrison, L. M. (2013). Advancing social Justice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Mau, S. (2007). Social Justice,Legitimacy and th...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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