.History of the Cholera and causing microbes
Scanning electron microscope image of Vibrio
There are different kinds of Vibrio cholera. with some types producing more severe disease than
others. It is mostly spread by drinking contaminated water and food . Seefood which has been
undercooked is a common source and should be avoided at al cost. Humans are the only animal
affected. The predisposing factors of the disease include: poor sanitation, unsafe drinking water,
cholera is a Greek word: kholera from kholē "bile". The disease is said to have its source in the
Indian subcontinent .It is believed to have been the result of improper hygien and as well as the
presence of pools of still water, both of which provide better condition for the bacteria to flourish
well. The disease first spread by trade routes to Russia in 1817, From Russia it took it routes ter
to the rest of Europe, and then later to North America and the rest of the world. Seven cholera
pandemics have occurred in the past 200 years, with the seventh pandemic originating in
Indonesia in 1961.
The first cholera pandemic occurred in the Bengal region of India,824. The disease dispersed
from India to Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and Eastern Africa through trade routes.
The second pandemic which lasted from 1827 to 1835 and predominantly affected North
American and Europe The third pandemic was in in 1839, which lasted til 1856, extended to
North Africa, and reached South America,. The fourth pandemic lasted from 1863 to 1875
spread from India to Naples and Spain. The fifth pandemic was from 1881-1896 and started in
India and spread to Europe, Asia, and South America. The sixth pandemic started 1899–1923.
Many older remedies which were based on the miasma theory have existed. In the 1854–1855
outbreak in Naples homeopathic Camphor was used according to Hahnemann.Mother's
Remedies" book recomends tomato syrup as a home remedy from northern America. According
to William Thomas Fernie Elecampane was recommended in the United Kingdom.
Map of the 2008–2009 cholera outbreak in sub-Saharan Africa showing the statistics as of 12