Week 4 Tasks Identifying Research Components, health and medicine homework help

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Question Description

Identifying Research Components

Week 4 Tasks

Use the Week 4 research template to complete the following assignment tasks.

  • Choose the assigned research articles from W2 Assignment 2. Describe the sample with demographics, data collection process, and identification of variables; sampling design; instruments, tools, or surveys.
  • Summarized the discussion about the validity and reliability of the instruments, tools, or surveys.
  • Discussed legal/ethical concerns.
  • NOTE: If a component is absent, student receives a zero for that component.

Cite all sources in APA format.

Quantitative Article:

Park, M., Cho, S., & Hong. (2015). Prevalence and perpetrators of workplace violence by nursing unit and the relationship between violence and the perceived work environment. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(1), 87-95. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12112

Qualitative Article:

Turk, M., Fapohunda, A., & Zoucha, R. (2015). Using photovoice to explore Nigerian immigrant’s eating and physical activity in the United States. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(1), 16-24. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12105

Summary of the Article

The study postulates that workplace violence is a universal problem that affects many individuals at multiple levels. The authors, Park, Cho, and Hong assert that workplace violence not only has an impact on a person’s quality of life, but also has the potential to affect their emotional as well as physical wellbeing. Every occupation is affected by workplace violence; however, nurses are at a bigger risk especially of non-physical violence. Researchers believe that there is a relationship between violence and work environment. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data collected over a period of two months from nurses at a university hospital in Seoul, South Korea. The 2nd version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was utilized to examine the potential factors related to violence. The data was computed to establish the number of nurses exposed to one of the five forms of violence over a period of twelve months. Multiple regression analysis was used to identify a commonality among work demands, trust, and justice existing at the workplace. It was established that 71% of the nurses who took part in the study reported previous exposure to at least one of the five forms of violence. The majority reported exposure to verbal abuse as well as sexual harassment. According to the data, most perpetrators of violence are patients followed closely by physicians and patients’ families. Emotional instability potential increased the risk of workplace violence. Researchers established that more attention must be given to address the high workplace violence by building trust and justice, and having the appropriate workload in the workplace. The researchers concluded that nurses exposed to increasing work demands and minimal trust and justice in their work environment are more likely to experience workplace violence. Therefore, reducing workplace violence creates a better work environment and provides the opportunity for better results.

According to the researchers Turk, Fapohunda, and Zoucha, the population of the African immigrants is one of the fastest growing populations in the United States. Nigeria is one of the most popular countries for African immigrants. It is possible that this population may face barriers, making it difficult to maintain healthy diets and activity levels after migrating to the United States. To more knowledge surrounding the African immigrant population, researchers conducted a qualitative visual ethnography study using Photovoice. The 13 participants were asked to describe their health and life experiences using photographs. The participants had to be at least 18years of age, able to read and write, and must have been an immigrant from the Nigeria to the US. Participants were provided with a digital camera and instructed to takes photos of unhealthy eating habits and physical activity that they perceived to be unhealthy over a two-week period. The participants were instructed to take photos of what they thought as healthy eating habits and physical activity. The top four photos were selected and discussed. A semi structured interview guide was used to ask the participants several questions in relation to the photos that were previously selected. Open ended questions were used by the participants to fully express their perceptions. Through data collection, four themes were identified: moderation is healthy, Nigerian lifestyles are healthy, adapting to the American way is unhealthy, and promoting healthy behaviors involves cultural consideration (Turk, Fapohunda & Zoucha, 2015).

The Problem for each article

Workplace violence has become a global problem affecting numerous individuals on multiple levels. Workplace violence not only has an effect on a person’s quality of life, but also impacts their emotional as well as physical wellbeing. All occupations are affected by workplace violence but nurses are at higher risk. Potential risk factors create avenue for workplace violence by various perpetrators (Park, Cho & Hong, 2015).

The health and wellness of African immigrants in the United States has not been examined. Few studies focus on the heath of this population, as well as the possible impact diet and physical activity can have on Nigerian immigrants to the U.S. There is little information available on their perceptions and behaviors involving eating healthy and increased physical activity.

The purpose statement for each article

According to the authors, the purpose of the article is to identify both the prevalence and perpetrators of workplace violence involving nurses. The article seeks to examine the relationship between work demands, truth, and justice within the workplace and workplace violence (Park, Cho & Hong, 2015).

The purpose of the study were to (a) explore the perceptions and practices of Nigerian immigrants regarding healthy eating and physical activity in the United States; (b) assess the influence of cultural beliefs of Nigerian immigrants on eating and physical activity; (c) describe the role that healthcare providers can play in helping to promote healthy eating and physical activity; and (d) evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of using Photovoice to collect data on the perceptions and practices of Nigerian immigrants regarding healthy eating and physical activity” (p. 16).

The hypothesis and/or

Research questions depending on the methodology used in the articles.

There is a relationship between violent occurrences and the work environment; specifically, the existence of trust and justice when such events occur and the demands of the work environment.

Because this is a qualitative study, there is no specified hypothesis. The study addresses the following questions:

What are the perceptions and practice regarding healthy eating habits and physical activity for the Nigerian population? What role do cultural beliefs play in healthy eating and physical activity? What is the role of the healthcare provider in ensuring healthy behaviors regarding eating and physical activity among the Nigerian immigrant population?

The significance of each article to nursing practice.

It is evident in this article that work place violence exists in different forms in almost every aspect of nursing. In order to reduce these patterns, awareness must be raised on workplace violence and possible contributors. The study highlights that apprentice nurses have a higher risk of experiencing violence from their colleagues and shows that it is imperative for professional nurses to get more intentional in eliminating these patterns that undermine the environment of trust and justice (Park, Cho & Hong, 2015).

As professional nurses, it is crucial to understand behavior and health beliefs associated with other cultures. Understanding these cultural behaviors and beliefs allows enhanced communication and education with culturally diverse populations, a vital element in the nursing practice and in enhancing cultural competence. Without having a cultural understanding, it becomes difficult to provide quality patient care. This study revealed that cultural context is an important aspect in promoting healthy behaviors (Turk, Fapohunda & Zoucha, 2015). In order to promote these healthy behaviors, as professional nurse we must take the time to become more culturally aware.

Details supporting whether the study is quantitative or qualitative

Used a structured technique of collecting data; in this case, the questionnaire.

Utilized numeric information for its statistical variables to form conclusive and descriptive analysis.

The authors assert that the research is a “Qualitative visual ethnography using Photovoice.” (p. 16).

In this article, photos were selected and the participants provided descriptions about their experiences regarding the photos. Participants provided descriptions through a series of questions provided during the interview.

The study involved live experiences regarding perceptions and practices relating to healthy eating habits and physical activity of the Nigerian immigrants.


References

Park, M., Cho, S., & Hong. (2015). Prevalence and perpetrators of workplace violence by nursing unit and the relationship between

violence and the perceived work environment. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(1), 87-95. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12112

Turk, M., Fapohunda, A., & Zoucha, R. (2015). Using photovoice to explore Nigerian immigrant’s eating and physical activity in the

United States. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(1), 16-24. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12105

Park, M., Cho, S., & Hong, H. (2015). Prevalence and perpetrators of workplace violence by nursing unit and the relationship between violence and the perceived work environment. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(1), 87-95. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12112

Turk, M., Fapohunda, A., & Zoucha, R. (2015). Using photovoice to explore Nigerian immigrants’ eating and physical activity in the United States. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(1), 16-24. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12105

***In the template, any direct quotes from the articles needs to only include the page number.

Week 4 Template

Quantitative Article

Qualitative Article

Identify and describe the sample including demographics, in the studies chosen in W2 Assignment 2

Discuss the steps of the data collection process used in the studies

Identify the study variables (independent and dependent)

Identify the sampling design

Describe the instrument, tool, or survey used in each

article.

Summarize the discussion about the validity and reliability of the instruments, tools, or surveys used in each article

Identify the legal and ethical concerns for each article, including informed consent and IRB approval

W4A2 Rubric

Unsatisfactory

1

Emerging

2

Proficient

3

Exemplary

4

Score

Assignment Components

Identify and describe the sample with demographics in the studies chosen in W2 Assignment 2.

Report included minimal information about the sample in the studies chosen in W2 Assignment 2.

Report described a few details about the sample in the studies chosen in W2 Assignment 2.The description was short and missed several details.

Report described the sample in the studies chosen in W2 Assignment 2 accurately. More details could have been provided.

Report described the sample in the studies chosen in W2 Assignment 2 well. Accurate and adequate details were provided.

[Score x 10 = 24 pts]

Discussed the steps for the data collection process used in the studies.

Minimal discussion was provided on the data collection process in the studies.

The discussion included an outline of the data collection process used in the studies.

The discussion included a clear and completedata collection process used in the studies.

The discussion included a clear, detailed, and complete data collection process used in the studies.

[Score x 4 = 16 pts]

Identified the variables (independent and dependent)

Variables were listed with no detail.

Those variables identified were correct but incompletely identified..

The identified variables were correct but lacked detail.

The variables for the studies were all identified and clearly described.

Score x 4 = 16 pts]

Identified the sampling design for each study.

The identified sampling design is incomplete for each study

The identified sampling design is somewhat clear and correct for each study.

The identified sampling design is clear and correct for each study.

The identified sampling design is clear and detailed and demonstrates a deep understanding of the studies.

[Score x 3 = 12 pts]

Described the instrument or tool or survey used in each article.

Minimal or no description was included about the instrument, tool, or survey in each article.

Description was included on the instrument, tool, or survey. However, the description missed several details in each article.

Description was included on the instrument or tool or survey. The description included most details in each article.

A clear and detailed description was included on the instrument, tool, or survey in each article.

[Score x 3 = 12 pts]

Summarized the discussion regarding the validity and reliability of the instrument for each article.

Vaguely summarized the discussion of the reliability and validity of the instrument for each article.

Summarized the discussion of the reliability and validity of the instrument with minimum details for each article.

Summarized the discussion of the reliability and validity of the instrument with most details for each article.

Summarized the discussion of the reliability and validity of the instrument with completeand well- supported details for each article.

[Score x 5 = 20 pts]

Discussed the legal and ethical concerns from each research article. Included IRB approval and informed consent.

Ineffectively defined the legal and ethical concerns from each research article. Did not include IRB approval or informed consent.

Defined legal and ethical concerns from each research article. Provided some aspects of IRB approval and informed consent.

Defined legal and ethical concerns from each research article which included some aspects of IRB approval and informed consent. Specific examples and resources are used in support.

Defined legal and ethical concerns from each research article which included all aspects of IRB approval and informed consent. Specific, unique examples and resources are used in support.

[Score x 3 = 12 pts]

Written Components

Organization

Did not follow template format

Followed format of template for some criteria

Followed format of template for most criteria

Followed format of template

[Score x 1 = 4 pts]

Usage and Mechanics

Grammar

Spelling

Sentence structure

Writing contains numerous errors in spelling, grammar, and/or sentence structure that severely interferes with readability and comprehension.

Errors in spelling and grammar exist that somewhat interfere with readability and/or comprehension.

Writing follows conventions of spelling and grammar throughout. Errors are infrequent and do not interfere with readability or comprehension.

The paper is basically error free in terms of mechanics. Grammar and mechanics help establish a clear idea and aid the reader in following the writer’s logic.

[Score x 4 =16 pts]

APA Elements

Attribution

Paraphrasing

Quotations

No attempt at APA format.

APA format is attempted to paraphrase, quote, and cite, but errors are significant.

Using APA format, accurately paraphrased, quoted, and cited in many spots throughout when appropriate or called for. Errors present are somewhat minor.

Using APA format, accurately paraphrased, quoted, and cited throughout the presentation when appropriate or called for. Only a few minor errors present.

[Score x 2 = 8 pts]

Subtotal

Timeliness

Late Work penalty:

Total Score

/ 140

Tutor Answer

Dmitry
School: Boston College

Attached.

Running head: IDENTIFYING RESEARCH COMPONENTS

Identifying Research Components
Student’s Name
Institution’s Name
Date

1

IDENTIFYING RESEARCH COMPONENTS

2

Identifying Research Components
Demographics are the characteristics of human populations for a social study. In the
qualitative article authors Park, Cho and Hong are shining the spotlight on workplace violence
and how it affects the victims not only emotionally but also physically. They even dig deeper and
focus on the hospital environment and specifically on nurses saying that these nurses are at the
biggest risk of non-physical violence. The authors concentrated on the nurses’ environment
which included physicians and the patients as well as their families (Park, 2015). In the second
article, researchers Turk, Fapohunda, and Zoucha took an interest in studying the United States
immigrants from Nigeria because the population of the African immigrants had been on the rise
(Turk, 2015). This increase in population would lead to a difficulty in maintaining healthy diets
and activity levels. Participants in this study had to be at least 18 years of age, be able to read and
write and be immigrants from Nigeria to the U.S.
In the first survey, Park, Cho, and Hong did a cross-sectional study with data collected
from nurses at a university hospital in two months, and later they chose to use questionnaires to
understand further the factor...

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Review

Anonymous
Good stuff. Would use again.

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