The New Deal impacted wide swaths of U.S. society. The working classes were affected by the fact that they all of the sudden had jobs that they were able to go to. This provided a boost to their spending, spending that was necessary for them to survive and to support their families. This spending was able to create more momentum the economy. Also, the many government programs that were instituted aided in this priming, as not only did they provide jobs that paid people, but the massive amounts of material to build something, such as the Hoover Dam, meant that money went to other businesses who were then able to pass the benefits onto their workers.
It also played a role on the centralization of government as many of the governmental aid programs were run by the Federal Government. Several of these were declared unconstitutional in a string of rulings by a conservative U.S. Supreme Court.
It created a great number of internal migrants in the U.S. Many left the places which had been their homes for generations in order to go out and make a living in another place. One aspect of this is the Great Migration, where Black families from the South moved up North where there were greater economic opportunities and, at least on the surface, less prejudices against them. The Great Migration however is not restricted chronologically to the Great Depression era. Another example would be midwestern migrant farmers, leaving the Dust Bowl of the Great Plains in order to find greater agricultural opportunities in California.
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