deontological or utilitarian theory, Philosophy homework help

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Question Description

Revise and add to my essay please! Must have 1500-2000 words. I need my essay that was written last week to be revised to meet the following requirements:

In the Week Three Assignment, you discussed either deontological or utilitarian theory, applied that theory to the question, and raised a relevant objection.
By engaging with the course material, you now have had a chance to refine your thinking and broaden your understanding of the problem by approaching it from the perspective of multiple ethical theories.
In this paper, you will demonstrate what you have learned by writing an essay in which you
Present a revised formulation of the ethical question and introduction to the topic.
Explain the kind of reasoning you think is the best way to approach this question, and how that reasoning supports the position you think is strongest.
Raise an objection, and be able to respond to it.
Instructions
Write an essay that conforms to the requirements below. The paper must be 1500 to 2000 words in length (excluding the title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center

The paragraphs of your essay should conform to the following guidelines:
Introduction
Your first paragraph should begin with the topic question, suitably revised. It should be focused, concrete, and on a relevant moral problem. You should then introduce the topic in the way described by the Week One instructions, but reflecting the developed understanding and information you have gained about the topic and any necessary refinement of the scope.

Follow this with a thesis statement that states your position, and a brief description of the primary reason(s) supporting your position. (See the handout on thesis statements provided). Finally, provide a brief preview of the overall aim and procedure of your paper.

Explanation and Demonstration of Moral Reasoning
This section of the Final Paper will explain and demonstrate what you believe to be the best way of reasoning about the question you have chosen, and showing how that reasoning supports the position you have taken on the question. You might explain the principles, rules, values, virtues, conceptions of purposes and ends, and other general ideas that you find persuasive, and show how they support concrete judgments.

In the course of doing so, you must make reference to at least two of the approaches that we have examined in the course (such as deontological, utilitarian, or virtue-based), and utilize at least one resource off the provided list for each of the two approaches. One of these theories may be the theory you discussed in your Week Three Assignment, but your discussion here should be more refined.

For example, you might find the reasoning associated with Aristotelian virtue ethics to be the most compelling, and reference Aristotle in the process of showing how that reasoning supports a certain conclusion. In the course of this, you could contrast that with a utilitarian approach, referencing Mill for instance.

Objection and Response
After explaining the ethical reasoning that supports your position, you should raise an objection and respond to it. An objection articulates a plausible reason why someone might find the argument weak or problematic. You should explain how it brings out this weakness, and do so in a way that would be acceptable to someone who disagrees with your own argument. Then, provide the best response you can to the objection, showing how it does not undermine your position. Your response should not simply restate your original position or argument, but should say something new in support of it.

Conclusion
Provide a conclusion that sums up what you presented in the paper and offers some final reflections.
Resource Requirement
You must use at least four scholarly resources. Two of the resources must be drawn from the list of acceptable primary resources on each of the two theories you discuss. For example, if you discuss deontology and virtue ethics, you would need at least one resource under the “Deontology” list and at least one resource under the “Virtue Ethics” list. The other two may be from either the Required or Recommended Resources, or scholarly resources found in the Ashford University Library.
The textbook may be cited, but it does not count toward the resource requirement. If you cite the textbook, you will still need to cite at least four more sources that fulfill the requirements stated above.

No plagiarism!! Will check!! List of acceptable references and my essay have been uploaded.

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Running head: SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE Sexual harassment in the workplace Jerrell Colson Phi208 Instructor Dukette 07/29/2017 1 SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE Sexual Harassment in the Workplace Sexual harassment includes all forms of sexual behaviors that are unwelcome that is likely to make a victim feel offended, intimidated or humiliated (Christiansen & Chandan, 2017). This can be verbal, physical or written. It is covered in workplaces when it takes place at work between colleagues as well as outside the work place, such as at events that are related to work or between people who share the same workplace. It is absolutely undeniable that sexual harassment is common in the contemporary society as it occurs every minute of our daily lives. Studies reveal that women form the highest fraction of victims who are prone to sexual harassment. Bearing this in mind, men have often been painted as predators of sexual harassment against women. This paper talks exclusively about sexual harassment that takes place in various places of work. The laws regarding sexual harassment clearly state that there is no favorable gender and as a result, in work places, all forms of sexual harassment must be equally reported for men just the way it is done for women. A utilitarian will undoubtedly agree with this fact that the law against intimidation should yield happiness to all people. Since this act is completely unpleasurable, sexual harassment is the opposite of the net good and yields to more net bad. It is for this reason that law makers try to put an end to sexual harassment in the workplace for the benefit of all people. Philosophers, as well as economists, employ this term to show this quality. The satisfaction one derives from something is referred to as utility, the mother word of utilitarian. Everyone is entitled to enjoying the same satisfactory in their respective workplaces as everyone on that job without any undesirable impact of sexual harassment by any sex. Hence, 2 SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE the pleasure to report sexual harassment must be equal irrespective of the gender. Putting this into consideration, both genders ought to know and recognize sexual harassment. Sexual harassment in the workplace is termed as an arrogant flirtation act as well as any type of sexual advances that are not wanted to any gender. Usually, men are susceptible to gender harassment in comparison to sexual-advancement harassment during work by other men. This nature of sexual irritation takes place where workers of the similar sex are constantly exposed to intimidations, abusive insults, crude jokes, as well as whistles mainly by members of the same sex. Additionally, horse playing in places of work, for instance, pinching, grabbing and "good gaming" pat on the butt where unwanted is hugely considered as sexual harassment (Ellen, 2017). Having this in mind, why is sexual harassment inconsistently reported by men? Cases of sexual harassment especially in the workplace should not only be reported by women but also men to enhance equality between the genders. Gender or sex discrimination in employment entails treating people in a favorable manner because of their sex. This is seen on job applications and even current employees. Despite the fact that women have clearly claimed that they are able to perform successfully in all areas done by men, the issue of sexual discrimination keeps holding many of them back. Even though the issue of gender discrimination is mostly an issue raised by women, it can also be directed to men. In case one has been disallowed for employment, harmed or fired on the basis of gender, then he or she has heavily suffered sexual harassment. For instance, you have been working for a company for five years and invested so many hours of overtime. When you come back after a one-month sickness, you inform your employer that you may not afford as many hours of overtime. As a result, you are demoted to a lower level, and you are meagerly paid whereas 3 SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE coworkers of the different sex in the same position as yours are allowed to reduce their overtime hours for private reasons without affecting their pay or positions. Workers across all sexes should be treated equally and enjoy the equal opportunities and attention (Reeves, 2017). The concept of equal pay to be awarded for equal work is an idea of labor rights in which workers in the same workplace are paid equitably (Mayock, 2016). This is most likely applied in the situation of sexual harassment, in regard to the pay gap as far as gender is concerned. Equitable pay is associated with the full range of benefits as well as payments, for instance, nonsalary payments, allowances, basic pay, and bonuses. Some countries have moved relatively faster than in addressing the issue of gender harassment in the workplace. A wage-labor grew progressively formalized during the time of industrial revolution in which women were paid meagerly as compared to their male colleagues for the same labor, whether due to obvious reason of being women or under pretext. For example, you worked your way up from being a mere helper cook to a chef. A chef of the opposite sex who had undergone similar work experience and training was hired recently, and you discover that he or she will be paid higher than you. You are one of the top salespersons in your organization, but you are moved to a territory that is less desirable whereas an individual of different sex who has lower sales than yours is installed in your territory as well as client base allowing him to earn more commission than you will make for several years in your current territory. One's sex should not be the reason for being treated in an inferior manner. In conclusion, men encounter sexual harassment in the workplace similarly or slightly more in comparison to women since standing up against the same and opposite gender types. Despite that, men do not report sexual harassment owing to their dominance as well as 4 SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE masculinity issues. Utilitarianism should be the one that comes up with the highest amount of happiness for the largest number of people. Consequently, sexual harassment must be looked into with a keen eye equally by both sexes. It is apparently unreasonable to consider a female counterpart or gender impartial person to be inferior. If some people have their hearts and minds set, I strongly believe that they will definitely achieve all they set their thoughts on. Dedication and hard work disproves gender hence sustaining equilibrium in the society. 5 SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE References Christiansen, B., & Chandan, H. C. (2017). Handbook of research on organizational culture and diversity in the modern workforce. Hershey : Business Science Reference. Ellen, P. C. (2017). Workplace bullying and harassment : new developments in international law. New York: Routledge, an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group. Mayock, E. C. (2016). Gender shrapnel in the academic workplace. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Reeves, M. (2017). Women in business: Theory and cases. New York: Routledge. 6 LIST OF ACCEPTABLE PRIMARY RESOURCES FOR THE WEEK THREE ASSIGNMENT AND WEEK FIVE FINAL PAPER These are the primary resources that you can cite when explaining a moral theory in order to fulfill the relevant portion of the resources requirement. * Indicates readings included in the “Required Readings” portion of the course. Utilitarianism *Mill, John Stuart. Utilitarianism, in the original version in the textbook, or in the version by Jonathan Bennett. Retrieved from www.earlymoderntexts.com • See the guidance for the required portions of the text. Haines, W. (n.d.). Consequentialism. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/conseque/ Singer, P. (2003). Voluntary euthanasia: A utilitarian perspective. Bioethics, 17(5/6), 526-541. Deontology *Kant, Immanuel. Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals in the original version in the textbook, or in the version by Jonathan Bennett. Retrieved from www.earlymoderntexts.com • See the guidance for the required portions of the text. O’Neill, O. (1993). A simplified account of Kant’s ethics. In T. Regan (Ed.) Matters of Life and Death, 411-415. Retrieved from http://users.manchester.edu/Facstaff/SSNaragon/Online/texts/201/O'Neill, Kant.pdf Virtue Ethics *Aristotle. (1931). Nicomachean ethics. (W.D. Ross, Trans.). Oxford, GBR: Clarendon Press. Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/8438/pg8438.html • See the guidance for the required portions of the text. Hursthouse, R. (2012). Virtue ethics. In E. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/ MacIntyre, A. (1984). After virtue. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press. • Chapters 14-15 are included in Chapter 6 of the text. 1 Feminist/Care Ethics *Held, V. “Feminist transformations of moral theory.” • Included in Chapter 6 of the text. See the guidance for the required portions of the text. *Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women’s development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Retrieved from https://lms.manhattan.edu/pluginfile.php/26517/mod_resource/content/1/Gilligan In a Different Voice.pdf. *Noddings, N. (2010). Maternal factor: Two paths to morality. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. (213-220) (Ebook) 2 ...

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