What serves as the retrieval cue in state-dependent memory or context effects in

Psychology
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What serves as the retrieval cue in state-dependent memory or context effects in memory?

Mar 13th, 2015

A tentative explanation for state-dependent recall is the use of the physiological state as a contextual cue.[Results of converging studies have shown that in tasks where no contextual cue is provided, internal states may serve as contextual cues. Therefore, people who are in a certain drug state at the time of encoding may utilize this state as a cue for retrieval. In contrast, when information is encoded and retrieved in different states, individuals have no cues available to aid them in recalling information, leading to a decline performance. Eich provides further evidence for this theory, demonstrating that the introduction of additional contextual cues abolishes the state-dependent effect. If a cue such as a sound or an image is provided to remind people of what they encoded, they no longer require the state to prompt retrieval. In this instance, participants perform equally, regardless of the states at encoding and retrieval. According to Eich, the complete absence of any other observable reminders is critical for showing state-dependent cueing effects.

Mar 13th, 2015

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Mar 13th, 2015
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Mar 13th, 2015
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