Temperament traits describe the general style and emotional tone of our
behavior, such as being easygoing or irritable.
Cattell identified 16 source traits, (through factor analysis); as the
basic factors of personality. Cattell called this objective personality
test, the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). A person can
score high, low, or somewhere in between on these basic personality
factors. Cattell added additional factors, which he called temperament
traits, such as excitability, zest, self-discipline, politeness, and
human behavior in terms of four temperaments, each associated with a different bodily fluid, or "humor." The sanguine, or optimistic, type was associated with blood; the phlegmatic type (slow and lethargic) with phlegm; the melancholic type (sad, depressed) with black bile; and the choleric (angry) type with yellow bile. Individual personality was determined by the amount of each of the four humors. Hippocrates' system remained influential in Western Europe Temperament refers to the broad dispositional ‘set points’ that regulate moods and general tendencies. Character refers to the much more idiosyncratic ways of adapting and adjusting to specific environmental stimuli, as well as an individual’s identity. Work on the Big Five trait theory corresponds to the concept of temperament
Mar 15th, 2015
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