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describe walter's temperament traits, according to cattell's trait approach

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this is an application question of trait theories case study 29

Mar 15th, 2015


Temperament traits describe the general style and emotional tone of our behavior, such as being easygoing or irritable. 

Cattell identified 16 source traits, (through factor analysis); as the basic factors of personality.  Cattell called this objective personality test, the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF).  A person can score high, low, or somewhere in between on these basic personality factors.  Cattell added additional factors, which he called temperament traits, such as excitability, zest, self-discipline, politeness, and self-assurance. 

human behavior in terms of four temperaments, each associated with a different bodily fluid, or "humor." The sanguine, or optimistic, type was associated with blood; the phlegmatic type (slow and lethargic) with phlegm; the melancholic type (sad, depressed) with black bile; and the choleric (angry) type with yellow bile. Individual personality was determined by the amount of each of the four humors. Hippocrates' system remained influential in Western Europe
Temperament refers to the broad dispositional ‘set points’ that regulate moods and general tendencies. Character refers to the much more idiosyncratic ways of adapting and adjusting to specific environmental stimuli, as well as an individual’s identity. Work on the Big Five trait theory corresponds to the concept of temperament

Mar 15th, 2015

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