Describe acute renal failure understand definition, pathogenesis, causes, he

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Question Description

Describe acute renal failure understand definition, pathogenesis, causes, clinical presentations, evaluation, treatment, complications and prognosis in a 2 year old child

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PlasmaB
School: Rice University

Hello there, kindly have a look at the work. If you need any clarification, please get in touch. All the best

Acute Renal Failure

Structure and Function of the
Kidney


Primary unit of the
kidney is the nephron
➢ 1 million nephrons per
kidney
➢ Composed of a
glomerulus and a
tubule
➢ Kidneys receive 20%
of cardiac output
Renal Lecture Required Picture #1

Renal blood flow
Aorta  Renal artery 
interlobar arteries 
interlobular arteries 
afferent arterioles 
glomerulus  efferent
arterioles
➢ In the cortex 
peritubular capillaries
➢ In the juxtamedullary
region vasa recta
➢ Back to the heart through
the interlobular 
intralobar  renal veins


Glomerular Filtration Rate


Determined by the hydrostatic and oncotic
pressure within the nephron
➢ Hydrostatic pressure in the glomerulus is
higher than in the tubule,...

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