NURS 3240 Odessa College Nursing Mental Health Conduct Disorder Paper

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NURS 3240

Odessa College



Topic: Conduct disorder.

Medication commonly used for treatments, therapeutic communication techniques, short intervention and long intervention, goals and outcome

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Mental illness is an aspect that affects every individual in society. In 2020 it was
reported mental illness affects roughly one of every five Americans or about 52.9 million
Americans ("Mental disorders," n.d.). Mental illnesses range in a variety of types, that may
exhibit symptoms that are unique to them or overlap with other illnesses. Commonly known
ones are psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, personality disorders, eating disorders,
depression and bipolar disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and PTSD. There is not
a specific cause of mental illness, but certain factors have increased the risk of a person
developing them. This includes family history, past experiences, biological factors, and
alcohol and drug use.
Treatment depends on the type of mental disorder the person is experiencing
(American Academy of Family Physicians, 2018). The most common type is psychotherapy.
In this therapy, the patients engaged in verbal communication with mental health
professionals about their problems. The mental health professionals act as a guide, for them
to navigate through their problems. Alternative forms include group therapy, where the
patients are in group settings, that involves family friends, or people with similar struggles.
This type of treatment can also go in hand with support groups. They offer help and insight to
the patients about their conditions. These groups not only offer emotional support but
financial as well for individuals who might be needy. Another treatment method is the use of
prescription medicine for disorders that are associated with an imbalance in brain chemicals,
and prescriptions can help lessen the symptoms in the patients. While the drugs do not cure
the patients they improve the quality of life of the individuals. For example Selective
serotonin reuptake inhibitors in the treatment of depression-related disorders. Other types of
therapies allow individuals to express themselves physically, and creatively. For example,


Yoga, artwork, and dancing. This therapy allows the patients to relax and explore areas they
could improve themselves on.
Therapeutic communication techniques
This technique allows the patients to effectively express themselves and their
emotions. The first one is active listening ("Therapeutic communication," 2016). Active
listening is more than passively sitting and hearing the patients. It involves the health expert
paying attention to the patient's message, analyzing it, and meticulously understanding their
situation as per the context. This also involves analyzing the nonverbal communication cues
such as the body language of the patient. Another method is silence. It is usually coupled with
active listening. Silence means not constantly interrupting the patient but allowing them to
express themselves without fear of being judged. The third type is focusing on the matter at
hand. Focusing allows the problems of the patients to be resolved by helping them flow the
communication in the right area. Patients might steer their conversation away from healthrelated issues but as health professionals, it is their duty to prevent that. Open-ended
questions allow the patients to express themselves without feeling they are backed into a
corner. For the health care professionals, it is also important to ask clarifying questions in
areas they did not understand or hear properly in order to get the full message. Other
techniques that might be employed might be probing, changing the subjects, and recognition,
acknowledging, and acceptance.
Short intervention and long intervention
Interventions aimed at promoting mental health in the general population. While
short-term interventions are preferred to solve the current crisis at hand long-term ones are
often preferred (Colizzi et. al, 2020). Short terms interventions are seen as used to treat the
disease such as the methods mentioned previously, long-term interventions are used to stop


the causes or prevent the crisis from occurring. Long-term intervention methods include
focusing on the youth. Nearly half of the mental disorders start by the age of 14 years. These
strategies include meeting Children’s, physical, psychological, and social needs at a young
age. The physical needs include meeting their levels of diet and nutrition needed for
necessary growth as well as physical activity. Psychological ensures stable and responsive
relationships. Also Setting in place programs that promote mental health in the youth and
young adults would drastically reduce the mental health crisis. This program early screening,
counseling services in schools as well as the adoption of therapy services catered to
teenagers. Also, social that allows the children to develop social bonds with their peers.
Ensuring this allows children to receive proper mental development.
Goals and Outcomes
As with the treatment mental health goal varies with patients. These goals are usually
set using the SMART techniques, i.e. specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and timely
(Fledderus et al, 2010). For example for patients suffering from addictions a realistic, and

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