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Landlord-Tenant Law Outline
The Case Study in Brief
The Legal Rights and Responsibilities of the Tenant and the Landlord
Tenant’s Rights and Obligations
Landlord Rights and Responsibilities Obligations
The Legal Duty to Mitigate Damages
Does Larry Has Legal Grounds to Evict Roger
The Legal Obligation to Pay for Damages
The relationship between a property owner and a tenant is governed by laws, which vary
from state to state in the USA. The two parties have rights and obligations that control the lease
agreement between parties. These rights and obligations help to solve landlord-tenant conflicts
with the aim to mitigate or prevent reoccurrence. When a property owner and a tenant enters into
a lease agreement, it I important that they both understand their rights and obligations to have a
good landlord-tenant relationship. This paper aims to analyze a case between a property owner
and a tenant from the approach of understanding the roles, responsibilities, rights and obligations
of a landlord and a tenant. It goes further to examine the mitigation measures that are necessary
when a conflict arises between the two parties.
Facts from the Case Study in Brief
The following are some of the fact from the case study discussed in this paper. First,
Larry Landlord renovated an apartment and decided to rent it for $800.00 a month. He has five
(5) years experience in this business. He has had both positive and negative experiences with
tenants. Larry Landlord is hoping to find a good, long-term tenant for his apartment. Roger
Renter saw Larry’s sign for the apartment for rent and thought the location and the apartment
would be perfect. Roger met Larry to look at the apartment and Roger fell in love with it. All of
the interior fixtures had been replaced and the unit had a nice large closet. Roger noticed that
although newly painted, the exterior of the apartment did show a little bit of wear. Because of the
condition of the exterior of the building, Roger asked Larry about any roof leaks. Larry stated
that he had never had a leak and was not aware of any leaks.
Roger and Larry entered into a valid contract for the rental of the apartment. Roger
Renter was very happy in his new location; the apartment was quiet and the neighbors were
friendly. Larry Landlord was also very happy because Roger Renter was a model tenant. Roger
Renter paid on time and was quiet and respectful to other tenants.
The part of the country where Roger rented was rainy in the summertime. Roger rented
and moved into the apartment in October. In June, a tremendous rainstorm occurred and Roger’s
roof began to leak. The leak was minor at first and Roger merely put a trash can under the leak
and had no other issues that month. When handing over his monthly rent check, Roger told Larry
about the small leak. Larry thanked Roger for letting him know about the leak and told Roger he
would have it fixed.
The next month the rains came again and the leak grew larger in Roger’s apartment.
Roger was not home at the time of the rain and therefore the leak damaged some of Roger’s
furniture. Roger called Larry to let him know that there was a leak and asked when it might be
fixed. Roger also stated that he thought Larry had fixed the roof. Larry curtly stated, “When it
rains, sometimes it pours. When it pours, sometimes it leaks.” Roger did not like Larry’s tone or
response and called back to ask when the roof might be fixed. Larry stated, “When I get to it.”
The following day, Roger sent Larry a note about the roof leak and asked Larry to please address
The week before the rent was due, another rainstorm occurred and the leak was even
larger. This time the leak damaged Roger’s clothing, furniture, and some precious items he had
inherited from family members. Roger called Larry and asked Larry to fix roof immediately.
Larry responded in a similar and condescending manner. Roger hung up the phone and threw his
baseball bat against the wall, damaging the drywall and knocking out an electrical socket.
Since it was the rainy season, Roger knew it would drain again and therefore simply
moved his items away from the leak and did nothing to help mitigate the damage from the
leaking roof. Larry came into the apartment to investigate the leak and found damage from not
only the leak but also from the thrown baseball bat. Roger states that the baseball bat damage
was a direct result of Larry’s inabi...
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