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*Discussion question at end of chapter: #5
Discuss with examples 4 important issues influencing HR management today
The 4 important issues influencing HR management today are the following:
1. Work force
It costs money in relocation expenses to bring qualified employees from an immediate
geographic location to the company. Even transferring employees from other offices can be
costly. The preference of a human resources professional is to reduce costs by hiring
candidates from the most immediate geographical area. But when the talent source of the
local workforce is not at the company level, that can change the HR plans.
2. Company budget
The human resources department needs to work with the budgets of various departments for
which it hires, and that may limit the class of employees they can hire. Example, once the
sales department acquired a new manger in a field that averages $ 900.000 every year in
compensation, The budget will only reaches $ 70,000, then probably, it will limits the level of
employees that HR can have to hire.
3. Bad planning
Bad planning is providing not effective strategies and implementation about hiring
employees and any other decision made by the Human Resources.
The competition in the field of human resources is different than that of any other department
of the company. When it comes to getting the right talent, your company competes with all
the other companies in the area. If you need logistics personnel, then you will compete with
other companies in the area with a warehouse, no matter what this sale.
*Discuss trends in workforce demographics.
Demographic trends imply that more people than before are in the population group over 50
years of age, where the incidence of disability insurance is higher. In addition, there was a
noticeable increase in applications after the Great Recession. It is important to note that those
people who were finally denied benefit.
*Discuss the line and staff aspects of Human Resource Management.
Managing people is a line responsibility and a staff function. Who manages the people is
managing to which this subordinate. It has linear and direct responsibility for the conduct of
their subordinates. The Chief assumes full autonomy principle control unit receives advice
and consultancy of the organ of ARH receives orientation of staff each person must have a
single-head. Specialists in HR line managers directly involved in the activities of RH, ARH,
is played by two groups. The staff is a very important aspect in the management of human
resources since through this function is the qualified and qualified personnel for the
fulfillment of the organizational objectives.
*Discuss/explain Theory x and Theory y and its implications for management.
For Douglas McGregor, there are two differential approaches to people versus work: Theory
X and Theory Y. Theory X, represent the traditional conception, supported in great part by
the principles of Taylorism, and based on the following assumptions in management: It
assumes that employees have no interest in quality. Therefore they must be controlled by the
management, who will apply economic incentives if the standards are met. Otherwise,
penalty measures will be used.To facilitate the accomplishment of the tasks, these are divided
into cycles and operations easy to execute and, therefore, to learn. The workers have no more
intervention in the process. The Theory Y, on the other hand, proposes an alternative view of
humans versus work. Its set of assumptions in management are; Management trusts the staff
and realizes this trust through the delegation of a large number of responsibilities. Economic
incentives are used, but to a lesser extent than the leadership of managers. In addition, it tends
to implement actions of public recognition of the achievements. It is believed that the
personnel can exercise self-control over the activities and processes that develops.
*1.What are the basic requirements for the Civil Rights Act, Equal Pay Act, Americans with
Disabilities Act, and the Age Discrimination Act.
The most well-known law against discrimination in employment, Title VII of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibits employers with fifteen or more employees from
discriminating on the basis of race, nationality, gender or religion. Under Title VII, it
is unlawful for an employer to t...