Please read these assignment
instructions before writing your paper, and re-read them often during
and after the writing process to make sure that you are fulfilling all
of the instructions.
The following short essay assignment is designed to help prepare you for
an important part of the Final Paper. In this essay, you will do the
Choose either the same ethical problem or
question you discussed in the Week One Assignment, or a different one
from the list of acceptable topics.
Choose either utilitarian or deontological ethical theory to apply to the ethical question.
Explain the core principles of that theory.
Demonstrate how the principles of the theory support a certain position on that question.
Articulate a relevant objection to the theory on the basis of that argument.
Write a five paragraph essay that conforms to the requirements below.
The paper must be 600 to 900 words in length (excluding title and
reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the
Ashford Writing Center. The paragraphs of your essay should conform to
the following guidelines:
The introduction should be one paragraph, no more than 120 words.
This should clearly delimit the ethical problem or question under
consideration, and define the essential issues. You may build upon the
problem you raised in the Week One Assignment, or you may choose a
different topic, but it must be from the list of acceptable topics. The
last sentence of the introduction should briefly summarize the
conclusion or position on this issue that you think is best supported by
this theory, and succinctly state what the objection will be. Remember
that your essay will not be concerned with your own position on this
issue, but what someone defending the chosen theory would conclude.
Each paragraph in the body should start with a topic sentence that
clearly identifies the main idea of the paragraph. Each paragraph should
have at least four sentences.
This should be approximately 150 to 200 words explaining the
core principles or features of the deontological or utilitarian theory
and the general account of moral behavior it provides.
This should be approximately 150 to 200 words, and should
address how the principles or features of the deontological or
utilitarian theory apply to the problem or question under consideration
and identify the specific moral conclusion that results from that
Your application should clearly show how
the conclusion follows from the main tenets of the theory as addressed
in the previous paragraph. Please see the associated guidance for help
in fulfilling this requirement.
This should be approximately 150 to 200 words raising a relevant
objection to the argument expressed in part "b." A relevant objection
is one that exposes a weakness in the theory as it applies to your
problem, and so you should explain how it brings out this weakness.
Note that this does not necessarily mean
that the objection succeeds, or that the conclusion the theory supports
is wrong. It may be an obstacle that any adequate defense of the
conclusion would have to overcome, and it may be the case that the
theory has the resources to overcome that obstacle. Your task here is
simply to raise the objection or present the “obstacle”.
The conclusion should be one paragraph, no more than 150 words. The
conclusion should very briefly summarize the main points of your essay
and must contain a paraphrased restatement of your thesis.
You must use at least two resources to support your claims.
At least one of the resources should be one of
the Required or Recommended resources that directly represent the theory
you have chosen, and must be drawn from the list of acceptable resources.
The other source should pertain to the particular
issue you are writing about, and should be drawn from the Required or
Recommended readings in the course, or found in the Ashford Library.
You are encouraged to use additional resources, so long as at least two conform to the requirements above.
The textbook does not count toward satisfying the resources requirement.
To count toward satisfying the requirement,
resources must be cited within the body of your paper and on the
reference page and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the
Ashford Writing Center.