the Urban Revolution is the process by which small, kin-based, nonliterate agriculturalvillages were transformed into large, socially complex, urban societies. The term "urban revolution" was introduced in the 1930s by V. Gordon Childe, an Australian archaeologist. Childe also coined the term Neolithic Revolution to describe the earlier process by which Hunter-Gatherer Societies domesticated crops and animals and began a farming lifestyle. Childe was the first to synthesize and organize the large volume of new archaeological data in the early 20th century in social terms.
The following are the benefits of urban perspective.
Large population and large settlements (cities)
Full-time specialization and advanced division of labor
Production of an agricultural surplus to fund government and a differentiated society
Monumental public architecture
A ruling class
Exact and predictive sciences (arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, calendars)