All essays must be typed, double-spaced, and proofed.
Upon collection, the essays must be stapled together. Do not use a folder. Your
surname should appear on each page. Citations from a class text require only a pagination
reference, e.g., (Rachels, p 43). All outside materials will require a full
citation. You may choose your own format (e.g., Chicago, MLA etc.) . The required length per essay is 2
to 3 pages.
1. What is the conflict between Stephen J. Gould and
James Rachels noted in the introduction to Rachels’s book? In your view, is
naturalistic evolution and religion compatible? Please argue for your position
and clearly define your terms.
2. Give a succinct summary of Rachels’s theory of moral
individualism and how it differs from what he calls “traditional morality”.
This summary should be no more than 1 ½ pages. How might a proponent of this
theory address the question of affirmative action in the form of set-asides for
underrepresented minorities in a university?
3. If you lived in a society like Gattaca and you
were planning to have children, would you use the existing biotechnology to
alter your offspring’s genetic “blueprint” or would you choose as Vincent’s
parents did? Provide arguments to support your position.