Italian Renaissance is best known for its cultural achievements. Italian
Renaissance painting exercised a dominant influence on Western painting
for centuries afterwards, with artists such as Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci, and the same is true for
architecture, with Andrea Palladio and works such as Florence Cathedral
and St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.
Italian Renaissance peaked in the late 15th century as foreign invasions
plunged the region into the turmoil of the Italian Wars. However, the
ideas and ideals of the Renaissance spread into the rest of Europe,
setting off the Northern Renaissance, and the English Renaissance.