Follow all directions there are two discussions, no plagiarism add references as well. Word count for both discussions are 250 each. Make this a word document.
Discussions To participate in the following discussions, go to this week's Discussion link in the left navigation.
This discussion has two options. Select one of the options and indicate which one you chose in your response.
Option A: Learning through classical conditioning occurs across the lifespan. It can be associated with pain (like a trip to the dentist), or with pleasure (like the endorphins released in response to exercise). Select one example of learning that can occur through classical conditioning. You cannot select Pavlov’s experiment that is described in your textbook. Clearly describe your learning example, and detail each of the following for the example you selected:
Unconditioned stimulus > Unconditioned Response
Conditioned Stimulus > Unconditioned Response
Conditioned Stimulus >Conditioned Response
Option B: Ten-year-old Billy has started to use foul language in casual conversation just as his mother does. She laughs when Billy uses this language and does not see it as an issue. It is only when Billy gets in trouble and his mother is called to the school that she recognizes there may be a problem.
As Billy’s school teacher, explain and provide examples of how you would help him overcome the use of this foul language through operant conditioning (e.g., you may use positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment).
Lastly, what advice would you give to Billy’s mom about how she might deal with this problem at home? Be sure to explain the role observational learning plays in this behavior, and what his mother could do differently to help him avoid this behavior.
Your initial post must be a minimum of 200 words and utilize at least one scholarly source (e.g., the course textbook, a peer-reviewed article from the Ashford University Library, or a professional web source), cited according to APA format as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your classmates who chose a different learning principle. Discuss the theory they selected. Do you agree with the practical application that was suggested? Share any new insights you gained from reading your peers post. How might you apply these insights to your initial response?
Memory and Language
Review the Linguistic Genius of Babies TED talk and read the New Thinking on Infant Development article from the Ashford University Library.
Dr. Williams has been studying memory and language development. During her research she discovers that infants as young as one month can remember objects presented to them if they reappear within two seconds. Fascinated by this, she continues to explore and discovers that by the time they are four months old, babies can remember objects after five seconds. She is elated at her discovery because she knows it shows the beginning of short-term memory, which is essential in language development.
For this discussion, identify two ideas that parents/caregivers can use to help facilitate language development in children from birth to 24 months. Your post should be formatted as follows:
State the age range you have selected (birth to three months, three to six months, etc.).
Idea #1: Your first idea should be something that just about any parent could do that does not involve technology or money in any way.
Idea #2: Your second idea should consider today’s age of technology. Research various sources (computer programs, toys, videos, etc.) that can help children with language development. Identify your selection (including cost) and describe what it does in terms of either strengths and/or weaknesses, in relation to language development.
Reflecting on what you have read thus far in Weeks One and Two, explain what stage of memory (sensory, short-term, long-term) your ideas best fit with and how they facilitate language.