Japanese society......................

Tutor: None Selected Time limit: 1 Day

What changes took place in Japanese society during the 18th century?

Describe the relationships between Japan and the West during Early Modern period.

Discuss the main aspects of the early modern history of Central Asia, including Afghanistan and Tibet

Apr 1st, 2015

I can answer the first two.

1) Changes in 18th century Japan

  • commercialization; everyone bought or sold something
    • major cities had large internal markets, but it also spread into smaller towns and villages in the countryside
    • there was an increasing use of money and credit
  • literacy and education increased
  • Confucianism was favored over Christianity
  • new styles of art and literature (Kabuki theater, ukiyoe woodblocks, etc.)
    • intended not only for the upper classes, but for the commoners as well

2) Japan and the West

  • Portuguese merchants arrived on Tanegashima in 1543
    • this introduced Japan to a world beyond India
    • introduced things such as firearms, and Christianity for example
    • Christianity wasn't generally well liked and the early 17th century saw laws against it being made
      • this worsened relations with Portugal
  • the Dutch, sponsored by the Dutch East Indies company, arrived a half century later, in southern Japan
    • they acquired trade rights--with the help of the Englishman William Adams--and set up a factory
  • 1637 saw the Shimabara rebellion, an uprising of Christian Japanese against the Tokugawa shogunate
    • this was put down with the help of the Dutch and as a result all European nations who aided the rebels were expelled, leaving only the Dutch
  • Soon after Japan closed its doors to all save the Dutch and entered a period of seclusion
  • It was not until the arrival of Matthew Perry, that the doors were opened

Unfortunately, my knowledge of the rest of Asia is limited.

Apr 1st, 2015

Apr 1st, 2015
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