The late 19th century was a critical time for the Native Americans in both the United States and Canada. In the United States, the Federal Government had introduced several pieces of legislation as well as multiple committees to debate the future of Native Americans. The goal of the American government was assimilation. In 1830, the Indian Removal Act had forced all Native Americans into reservations, some far from the original home of the tribes. In 1865 the American government began their efforts of implementing Christian schools, government and agricultural practices. In Canada, many similar policies were being adopted. As the land that Canada sought to expand westward into was made a part of the Confederation, many Native Americans faced an uncertain future. Canada’s 1868 "Act Providing for the Organization of the Department of the Secretary of State of Canada and for the Management of Indian and Ordnance Lands" meant assimilation for Native Americans in Canadian territories as well.
Native Americans were, of course, not prepared the forced cultural change. In the United States, the settlers and the Native Americans fought several brutal battles. The Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876 left General George Custer and all his forces dead. The Wounded Knee Massacre left over 200 Native Americans dead. These battles ruined what little relations between the United States and Native Americans were left.
Content will be erased after question is completed.