An alternative to incarceration is any sort of punishment or treatment other than time in prisonor jail that can be given to a person who is condemned of committing a crime. An alternative includestransformative justice, restorative justice,or the abolition of incarcerationtotally.
Probation is part and parcel of the offender's initial sentence, while parole comes much later, allowing the offender early on release from a prison sentence. Probation is handed down by the judge at trial. It may be in lieu of jail time or in combination with some jail time.
Shock probation is a
sentencing strategy offered in some jurisdictions to shock or
introduces young offenders to the long-term realities of a criminal career
through a short-term visit to prison. Even though shock probation is only
offered by a few states, it can be an tremendously better alternative to traditional
probation or parole.
More detail about alternatives to incarceration
Restorative justice is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of the victims and the offenders, as well as the involved community, instead of satisfying abstract legal principles or punishing the offender.
Transformative justice is a general philosophical strategy for responding to conflicts. It takes the principles and practices ofrestorative justicebeyond the criminaljustice system. It applies to areas such asenvironmental law,corporate law,labor-management relations, consumerbankruptcyand debt, andfamily law. Transformative justice uses a systems approach, seeking to see problems, as not only the beginning of the crime but also the causes of crime, and tries to treat an offense as a transformative relational and educational opportunity for victims, offenders and all other members of the affected community. In theory, a transformative justice model can apply even between peoples with no prior contact.
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