Running Head: THE ROLE OF WOMEN DURING WORLD WAR I
The Role of Women during World War I
THE ROLE OF WOMEN DURING WORLD WAR I
During World War I (1914-1918), a significant number of women performed tasks that
were previously done by men. These women were employed in tasks vacated by men who went
to fight during the war. Moreover, new jobs were established in an attempt to foster the war
effort, such as munitions plants. Although individuals and businesses initially declined to hire
women for what was perceived as ‘men’s job,' the inception of mobilization in 1916 prompted
the need for women labors to be critical. During this time, the government started to coordinate
the hiring of women via recruitment and campaigns forces. This resulted in women working in
fields of work that were initially reserved for men. This paper addresses the critical roles women
played before, during, and after World War I.
Opportunities and Challenges Women faced During WWI
Women faced several opportunities and challenges during WWI. During the war, the
primary opportunity that was presented to women was new job opportunities. During World War
I, the expansion of war factories provided an opportunity for women to enter into the labor force.
In fact, by the end of 1918, over three million women were employed in various industries such
as the textile, food, and war industries.
Typically, the various restrictions and bans that existed to keep women from joining
large-scale industries were thrown out. Women worked as radio operators, streetcar conductors,
and in steel ...