Renaissance, literally “rebirth,” the period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages and conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in Classical learning and values. The Renaissance also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the substitution of the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, the decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce, and the invention or application of such potentially powerful innovations as paper, printing, the mariner’s compass, and gunpowder. To the scholars and thinkers of the day, however, it was primarily a time of the revival of Classical learning and wisdom after a long period of cultural decline and stagnation.
The Renaissance was a cultural movement involving a renewal of learning, development of infrastructure, and a gradual reform in education. The Renaissance may be considered as a sort of a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern Age. The Renaissance is best known for its art as this was the age of geniuses as Leonardo da Vinci, Petrarch, Dante, and Michelangelo.
1.The Middle Ages was a period from the 5th to 16th centuries. The Renaissance was the period between the 14th and the 16th centuries.
2.The printing press was used in the Renaissance Age whereas parchment was used in the Middle Ages.
3.The Renaissance Age portrayed humanism in art while Gothic art was prevalent in the Middle Ages.
4.Local English language was used in the literature of the Renaissance Age whereas Greek and Latin were used in the Middle Ages.
5.The Church had a greater role in peoples’ lives in the Middle Ages than in the Renaissance Age.
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