(1) Introduction to the destination
Thailand, also known as the Land of Smiles, is a jewel of Southeast Asia. Developed enough to provide most comforts yet still wild enough to offer off-the-beaten path adventure,
Thailand is a country ripe with opportunity for once-in-a-lifetime travel experiences. Whether you start with the world-class beaches in the south or the mountain villages in the north,
Thailand will not disappoint.
haven't really seen the country until you've trekked in the mountains or enjoyed some
face-time with elephants or the bold monkeys (who will steal your lunch as soon as look at
you). Thailand's attractions are diverse and each provides a rewarding and memorable
experience in its own way.
In Southeast Asia, there is a small but amazing country; it only has 600 million populations
and 513120 km2 area. Thailand has rich sources for travelling: mysterious temples, beautiful
islands, nice beaches, delicious foods, marvelous cultural, all those elements deeply attract
people from all over the world. Each year, around 11 million visitors go there. Actually,
tourism in Thailand plays an important role in the Thai economic structure even in the whole society, and it has a profound effect on Thai economy. In this essay, I’m going to talk about
some background of tourism in Thailand, and I will try to figure out how does tourism impact
the economy of Thailand.
Tourism is becoming the pillar industry in Thailand. In the last 20 years, tourism in Thailand developed rapidly. According to a survey done by ESCAP,” domestic tourism was able to
contribute 29695 million baht to GDP, which was 3.7 per cent of total GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in 1983.” According to another statistic, in 2009, tourism was contributing 14.7 %
to Thai GDP. According to the government’s data, in 2010, Thailand attracted 15.8 million
tourists, and it generated about 19 billion dollars of revenue.Sisdivachr Chevaratanaporn, the president of the Association of Thai Travel Agents, states:” The industry generates hundreds of billion baht in revenue”.Obviously, tourism is becoming a leading industry of Thai
The trend of this industry in Thailand is bright. The government and people both have an
optimistic outlook on Thai tourism. In 2010, based on the statistic that 15.8 million visitors
came to Thailand, Abhisit Vejjajiva, the former Prime Minister, makes a forecast:” The target of 19 million tourist arrivals this year will be hard to meet, though we should attract more than18 million.” People in Thailand are strongly confident about this industry.
The path of development is not even. In recent years, Thailand’s tourism industry takes a lot of damage from several blasts. In 2004, more than 8000 people died in the Indian Ocean
tsunami; in 2008, many anti-government demonstrations came out, and it lead to the
Bangkok’s international airport shutting down for two weeks; in 2011, Thailand suffered from the nation’s worst floods in the last 50 years, and this disaster deeply devastated Thai
manufacturing industry and agriculture.
Thailand really takes the efficient steps to respond to those disasters. Heinecke, a
hotel-holder, claims:” you mustn’t underestimates the ability of Thailand to respond very
quickly to these types of events as they’ve shown in the past.” That shows people in
Thailand really care about tourism.
Recently, some experts in Thailand claim that industry is the foundation of a country;
Thailand should develop industry instead of tourism. Actually, tourism brings a lot of foreign
exchange to Thailand, and this money is the foundation of development of industry.
According to the research done by ESCAP, in 1985, the total demand for output induced
gross foreign exchange from exports of 239.8 billion baht. The total net foreign exchange
earnings ration was 0.814. Also, the overall ratio for net foreign exchange earnings by the
tourism sector was 0.8795, which is higher than any of the four industries or the total net
foreign exchange earnings ratio. This date was from 1985, today, the ratio is even higher. Aswe know, industrial development need a lot of money as investment, this amount money
lays a solid foundation for industrial development in Thailand.
Krabi province is home to some of Thailand's most famous beach destinations, and Railay is the cream of the crop. Widely considered one of the best beaches in the country, Railay
delivers on promises of white sand beaches, clear blue water, and a feeling that you've founda slice of paradise. You have to take a boat to reach the island getaway, with services
available from Krabi town and Ao Nang.
The beaches are the main reason to visit Railay, but it's also a rock-climbing hotspot.
Railay's karst peaks draw adventurers both experienced and novice to try their hand at
climbing the towering limestone cliffs. Among the many other active things to do, you can go elephant trekking, whitewater rafting, kayaking, and snorkeling, or take on some lighter
options such as cooking classes and indulging in a massage. There's also the tourist-friendlyDiamond Cave, with a convenient walkway to accommodate curious visitors looking to do
some exploring between stretches of sunbathing.
Tourism is a positive word. The positive impact is obvious... money and income for both the government and locals, of course. ''Many developing countries perceive tourism as a fast
track to economic growth. They assume that tourism development requires less investment
than other industries; and they believe tourism to be an effective means of creating job
opportunities and increasing local income. Thailand has long ascribed to this pointof view;
and it has devised a tourism marketing approach which encourages low-, medium-, and high-cost mass tourism to nearly all regions of the country. With the ubiquitous "Land of Smiles"
advertising slogan promoted around the world, Thailand has become one of the best known, and most sought after, international tourist destinations. Despite this success, however, the
tourism industry in Thailand is not without problems and controversy. Critics charge that
tourism promotion in Thailand has aimed at quantity rather than quality. The explosion of t
ourism has brought uneven distribution of financial benefits, in favor of large enterprises,
while costs are shouldered by local people who have no direct gain from tourist promotion.
Worse still are the environmental effects of unbridled tourism development. While the Thai
tourism industry touts and actively markets the country's unique cultures, this
commercialization of culture also causes its erosion or corruption. Additionally, interaction between rural Thai dwellers and sophisticated urbanites from more developed countries
introduces values, behavior and attitudes which may have corrosive or negative effects on
It creates a huge market and brings in lots of money to Thailand. its a chance to show off the
beauty of the country and is a huge businesses.
The good is that it brings in income for the many low-income Thais. it is one of the top money earner for the economy. In a way, to attract visitors, Thailand has to upgrade its standard of living, so this is good. In addition, tourism solves a lot of social problems in Thailand, and a stable social order is good for economic development. First of all, tourism promotes development of related industries. Tourism is not just people come to Thailand going sightseeing to those historical places and natural landscape; people need restaurants to eat, hotels to live in,
vehicles to take, stores to shop. For example, hotels, according to Thai Hotels Association (THA), in 2011, the average hotel occupancy rate was at 59.21 per cent. And there are over 4,000 hotels in Thailand. These hotels bring great benefits to Thai economy. Also, shopping in Thailand is also prosperous. Siam Paragon is the 10th biggest shopping mall in the world.
Siam Paragon is in Bangkok, it has 3.22 million sq ft. Government takes 7% value added tax from goods. Shopping also bring great benefits to Thai economy.
Second, tourism offers a lot of jobs to people. According to the study from ESCAP, in 1985,
tourism and it relative industry offered 14.6 million jobs in Thailand, which was 55 per cent of total jobs of 26.6 million.(ESCAP, 34) According to another study from the World Tourism Council, in 2009, tourism offered more than 4 million jobs, which was 11.1 per cent of total jobs. Unemployment is becoming one of the most serious issues of society, but when we looked at the WORLD FACTBOOK from CIA, in 2010, the unemployment rate of Thailand is 0.5 per
cent; in 2011, it was 0.7 per cent. Compare to the United States (2010, 9.6% and 2011, 9.1%) and China (2010, 6.1% and 2011, 6.5%) tourism in Thailand does have positive effects of the society. Furthermore, Thailand government forecasts that by 2019, one job in every 8.3 jobs in Thailand will be related to tourism. (Thephuketinside)
Tourism lead to many negative, forest cut down to make hotels and attractions. It
also brings out a lot of illegal trade like drugs, selling rare animals, pollution, prostitution, and many other things.... all in all Thailand gains a lot from tourism but it is also hurting it realy bad!
I think people should be more aware of the negatives while visiting because it is such an amazing place and i would hate for it to be destroyed!
Everything in the world has its own two sides, and tourism in Thailand will be no exception. Besides those positive affects, tourism also has negatives in Thai society, such as education. Tourism workers don’t need a lot of knowledge, and most tourism workers are doing physical labor, for example, washing dishes in restaurants, cleaning the floor of hotels, selling goods to consumers. People can do those works even they don’t know how to read and write. Each year, even though about 700,000 graduate from Thai school, and only 70% go on further studies, the number is decreasing now. But the quality of education in Thailand is poor. Sumate Yamnoon, who is from Higher Education Commission Secretary-general, claims:” Our process to screen students for higher education is problematic”.He believes that even though the number of offers has been increased from 235 to over 2,000 each year, but the number of lectures stays the same. All those shows Thailand’s government is paying less attention to education and poor education has long-term negative impact on a country.
In my opinion, a country should focus on sustainable development not just present interests. I think that even though tourism plays an important role in Thai economy, meanwhile, Thailand’s government should also develop other industries, for example, high-tech industry. Moreover, more students should learn basic science, such as engineering, physics, chemistry and biology.
In conclusion, tourism plays an irreplaceable part of Thai economy through making a lot of foreign exchange to Thailand and offering jobs to people; in the mean time, Thailand’s government should pay more attention to education and other industry. In addition, many negatives, such as prostitution should not be neglected.
Tourism also leads to sexual negatives on society, such as prostitution and other kinds of sex industry. For example, AIDS is becoming one of the most serious issues in Thailand. In the end of 2009, there are 530,000 people who are living with HIV, and in 2009, 28,000 people died from AIDS. As we know, AIDS can be transmitted sexually. Controlling sex industry will be another mission for Thailand’s government.
The negative aspect is that the younger Thais are slowly losing their culture, as many are embracing the modern technology and western culture along the way. This has eroded some of their traditional way of life. The other point is that the tourists bring with them the social ills from their country, contributing to the spread of AIDS in the 80's due to the Thai's tolerant nature and did not realise the harm these tourists bring. Also the because of the lax laws, visitors bring in substance abuse. Making easy money, this spread fast. The sticking point is that the country get labelled as a sex haven even though this is happening in a few cities, and not even province. So this give rise to the connotation that Thai girls are easy for sex, while the fact is that there are prostitutes in many countries and it is sad that these visitors labelled the whole country so.
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