Social and Cultural Diversity Paper

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The Social and Cultural Diversity Paper (1,750-2,000 words) requires the student to identify and reflect on possible personal biases regarding gender, religion, sexual or gender orientation, race, socioeconomic status, disability status, or culture.

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a grading rubric.

Use the attached Outline for the format and the attached 10 scholarly references.The assignment needs to be in APA style.This assignment needs to be able to pass a Similarity Report.

This assignment meets the following NASAC Standards:

18) Understand diverse racial and ethnic cultures, including their distinct patterns of interpreting reality, world view, adaptation, and communication, and to incorporate the special needs of minority groups and the differently abled into clinical practice.

119) Recognize the importance of individual differences by gaining knowledge about personality, cultures, lifestyles, and other factors influencing client behavior, and applying this knowledge to practice.

Content Guidelines

When constructing this paper, use a three-part structure according to the following guidelines:

Part 1

The first part of the paper requires you to identify information from your own personal history. Use the following questions to help guide your reflections:

  • Identify your personal biases and how they may impact your counseling approach. Remember, everyone has biases. The point is not to project them onto your clients.
  • Describe your personal history by documenting experiences with discrimination you may have experienced and how your cultural background impacted these experiences. If you have not had any experiences, share why you believe this to be true.
  • Identify memories of contact with those who were culturally different than you, and your experiences associated with these differences. Be specific.
  • How has your life experience affected how you may relate to persons different than you? Be specific.

Part 2

The second part of the paper requires you to demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of racism/discrimination. Use the following questions to help guide your reflections:

  • What does it mean to be a subtle racist? Please include a referenced definition and example.
  • Why could there be significant differences in perceptions and values of members within the same ethnic group? Be specific.

Part 3

The third part of your paper requires you to review and reflect on the ACA and NAADAC codes of ethics. Use the following to help guide your reflection:

  • Discuss how the ACA and NAADAC codes of ethics will inform your practice.
    • Identify and cite the specific ACA and NAADA multicultural codes that you will use to inform your practice.
  • What did you learn about the importance of cultural sensitivity in treatment planning?
  • How do communication styles and help-seeking behaviors differ across cultures?
  • How might strategies to build rapport be differentiated based on culture?
  • Examine underlying reasons for differential treatment methods.
    • Consult several professional journals on treatment practices and cultural biases.
    • Identify sources of potential counselor cultural bias within these practices.
  • What resources could help you to become more informed regarding cultural diversity? Cite resources you can use to dispel your personal biases.
  • How could you apply your learning to your future practice as a counselor?

Explanation & Answer:
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Explanation & Answer

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Social and Cultural Diversity

Rhodesha Wilford
Grand Canyon University




Counseling is an interpersonal human-focused practice based on a relational and
therapeutic stance. Counseling practice has developed in multiple settings, from private practice
to large-scale community mental health centers and schools of counseling. Arguably, counseling
practice is impacted by various factors such as personal biases, discrimination experiences, and
views of ethics and ethical obligations. For example, in our view, there is a need to increase the
cultural and ethnic diversity of those providing professional counseling for minority ethnic groups.
This is particularly pertinent because research shows that the experience of counseling for minority
ethnic groups can be poorer than that of the mainstream group. This paper focuses on personal
biases and their role in counseling, racism/discrimination, and ACA and NAADAC codes of
Part 1
Bakshi & Gross (2019) assert that counselors' personal and professional lives are
characterized by the need for ethical decision-making and actions. However, this does not always
guarantee quality ethical judgments (Bakshi & Gross, 2019). Biases are influenced by experiences
from one's family, friends, and experiences at work or school. It may also impact one's sense of
belonging to a group. One will have a sense of belonging if one experiences a connection to one's
culture (e.g., language, religion). I am aware that bias can happen to anyone. All of us, including
myself, possess our own set of assumptions about what is right and wrong. We can have different
biases and perceptions. It's not always the case that this is obvious to us, and we may not have the
ability to identify them. However, if we have the opportunity to think about our own biases and
see if we can identify them, we may be able to understand better our perspectives as well as those
of others.



In order to understand my own experiences and how my culture impacts me, I have sought
counseling. I'm fortunate to have counseling experience in my family. I was raised by parents who
could empathize and understand and who were able to see and identify discrimination before I
could. This early counseling, however, came at a price because their empathic understanding and
connection to me created deep-rooted biases and discrimination. If my parents had not had this
ability to empathize with me, I would not have known that I was, discriminated against or had been
discriminatory against others. Over the years, I have developed personal biases that affect how I
view different cultures and ethnicities.
The experience of racism and the experience of counseling are so closely related, but both
of these experiences have shown me that we, as individuals, can make a difference. I have
experienced discrimination in high school, college, and the workplace. When I ask people if they
have ever been discriminated against, they often start listing their experiences. My first experience
of discrimination came when I was in high school. Growing up in a segregated school system and
living in a mostly segregated town, I have often seen friends and colleagues mistreated or
stereotyped because of their race and ethnicity.
Nonetheless, my experience with cultural diversity has been significant, predominantly in
the workplace. I have experienced people being discriminated against and, in some instances,
found myself doing so unknowingly. In some way, I have felt biased towards clients' and peers'
various beliefs, ethnicities, or behavior. I have also seen my colleagues being biased towards each
other. However, I have grown to feel comfortable with other groups of people; I have grown to
accept and be accepted by others and have grown as a person.
Interestingly, I've noticed the difference in the way I see myself and the way others see me.
I now understand the difference in how my peers and I see ourselves. I've seen that I had



internalized discrimination and biases. I also know that others have internalized their forms of
discrimination as well. For example, when I joined professional counseling, I was asked if I was
aware of the various association’s Codes of Conduct and what was expected of me. I had
internalized significant bias and prejudice (either towards others or bias towards me) that I thought
of myself as a racist. I needed to know the code because I was aware of my racial identity. I believe
that I was able to identify my biases towards diverse cultures and ethnicities. Today, I would not
have made such a statement. I've become aware that I have internalized biased or discriminatory
ideas. It's important to see one's prejudices and how we may fail to see them.
Working in a diverse company has helped me become more accepting of diversity. My
clients and colleagues come from different cultures and religions and have diverse life experiences.
My counseling practice is impacted by my personal biases and my experiences of discrimination.
However, I have grown an interest in social justice and diversity althrough my counseling
Part 2
Racism is the unfair or negative treatment of a specific ethnic group based on racial
characteristics Fish & Syed, 2020). Similarly, Discrimination involves mistreating people because
of perceived categorical disparities (Fish & Syed, 2020). Prejudice, on the other hand, is the term
for predetermined, unsupported individual judgments based on perceived categorical disparities.
(Fish & Syed, 2020).
According to Ozturk & Berber (2022), a subtle racist is a perpetrator of
racism/discrimination whose actions are indirect and disguised. Subtle racism is disguised in
innocuous comments. It is never apparent but employs passive methods. The primary goal ...

Great study resource, helped me a lot.


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