Prior to WWII, women stayed home and took care of domestic affairs, or worked as nurses, secretaries, or teachers. The women at the time during the war had to replace male workers who fought. When the men returned home women commonly went back to their traditional roles, while some remained at their jobs. Although, it still wasn't acceptable for women to work jobs typically done by men, the war allowed women to prove that they can.Before the war women who smoke tend to be wealthy, high society, celebrities, actresses portraying characters in movies and such.
For Blacks (I am black and don't care to be PC right now) during the war, businesses were beginning to boom at the time. And because very small percentage of blacks fought in the war, it made jobs available which the incomes mainly went into black businesses in the communities. After WWII black business owners and families had enough money to move out of crowded inner cities and into the suburbs. Of coarse, the migration of black families to suburban areas led to white families relocating, which led to vacant homes resulting in lower property value in neighborhoods. This had social-economic impact on black communities as the racial attitudes of the time still persist.
Blacks began to agitate for implementation of the equal rights that they had been granted under amendments to the Constitution during Reconstruction,but that they were being denied by Black Codes laws in many Southern states.
The Elite group of pilots flew missions that no other outfit in the Air Force at the time would undertake. Because of their heritage AND the fact that THEY WERE AMERICANS FIRST, they wanted to show they were more than capable of performing the same service or better than their counterparts.
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