Why was Randolph unhappy with black working conditions in the U.S during World War II? What strategies does he suggest blacks should undertake to combat problems in employment? How does the issue of World War II figure into Randolph’s statement?
Philip Randolph was a labor leader and social activist who fought for the
rights of African-American laborers, including better wages and working
conditions. During World War II(1939–45), A. Philip Randolph fought racial
discrimination in war industries and the armed services. His efforts built a
foundation for the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. A. Philip
Randolph was one of the most influential black American leaders of the
twentieth century. Randolph
aimed to obtain government sponsorship of black jobs. Randolph’s
understanding of the economic needs of blacks predated the riots that drew the
nation’s attention to them. He also became a critic of the black power
movement, which he believed was programmatically bankrupt.
1941, Randolph planned to organize some 100,000 African-Americans to march in
Washington, D.C. "for jobs in national defense and equal integration in
the fighting forces." Ultimately, he cancelled the march when President Franklin Roosevelt agreed
to end discrimination in war employment.
Apr 13th, 2015
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