Assignment with all the intructions

Anonymous
timer Asked: Oct 16th, 2017
account_balance_wallet $10

Question Description

All the detail will be attach in the a file

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Collin 1 Table of Contents Background Information ............................................................................................................. 2 Title ............................................................................................................................................. 2 Authors ........................................................................................................................................ 2 Key Terminology ........................................................................................................................ 2 Purpose ........................................................................................................................................ 2 Hypotheses .................................................................................................................................. 2 Methods .......................................................................................................................................... 2 Participants .................................................................................................................................. 2 Measures...................................................................................................................................... 2 Depression ............................................................................................................................... 2 Mortality .................................................................................................................................. 2 Procedures ................................................................................................................................... 3 Conclusions .................................................................................................................................... 3 Results ......................................................................................................................................... 3 Limitations .................................................................................................................................. 3 Big Takeaways ............................................................................................................................ 3 References ...................................................................................................................................... 3 Collin 2 Background Information Title Depression as a risk factor for mortality in patients with coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Authors Jurgen Barth, Martina Schumacher, and Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, University of Freiberg, Germany. Key Terminology Coronary Heart Disease (referred to as CHD) – A disease where plaques build up in your arteries making it difficult for oxygen pumped from the heart to get to the rest of the body. Depression – a mood disorder that is accompanied by lack of energy, enthusiasm, learned helplessness, hopelessness, and a general negative state of mind. Purpose The purpose of the study is to assess if there is a relationship between depressive symptoms and life expectancy among patients with CHD (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004). Hypotheses The authors hypothesize that depression is negatively associated with life expectancy among patients with coronary heart disease. Methods Participants Studies were selected based on whether or not they met the following series of qualifications. First, the study must have included patients with some form of CHS with an inclusion of an accepted measure to assess clinical depression (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004). Second, the study must have had a follow-up period that was over a minimum of three months (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004). Third, the outcomes had to be death from cardiovascular disease. Overall, 20 studies were selected for the meta analyses (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004). Measures Depression Depression was assessed using widely accepted measures that assess clinical depression or overall mental health and cognitive functioning. These scales included the Beck Depression Inventory, the Zung Self Rating Depression Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Miller Behavioral Health Inventory (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004). Mortality Mortality was assessed by following up with the patient to make sure he/she was still alive. For some of the studies used, follow-up was as short as three months while other studies spanned up to ten years (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004). Collin 3 Procedures A statistical analysis was conducted with all the studies that were compiled for the meta-analysis. Conclusions Results Does clinical depression correlate to mortality among patients with CHS? Yes, the results from the study suggest that patients with CHS who are diagnosed with clinical depression is a risk factor for cardiovascular or overall mortality (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004). Limitations The study had publication bias, meaning that some researchers may have failed to publish findings because they did not produce significant results. As a result, there may not be enough studies suggesting depression is not a risk factor for CHD available for the meta-analysis. Also, some relevant studies were not used because the data did not fit with the statistical analysis procedure that was used (Barth, Schumacher, & Herrmann-Lingen, 2004). Big Takeaways The results of the study suggest that treatment for patients with CHD should be accompanied by an evaluation for depression. If the patient is found to be clinically depressed, then he / she should be referred for treatment for depression in conjunction with CHD. A future avenue for research could studying the effectiveness of treatments of depressed patients with CHD. References Barth, J., Schumacher, M., & Herrmann-Lingen, C. (2004). Depression as a risk factor for mortality in patients with coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 802 - 813. ...

This question has not been answered.

Create a free account to get help with this and any other question!

Similar Questions
Related Tags

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors