ITS 4099 SU Information Technology Literature Review

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ITS 4099

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Brief Literature Review

write a brief review of literature based on your work done in Weeks 2 and 3.

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1 Research Proposal Research Proposal Student ITS4099-IT Research SU01 Week 1 Project 1 Teacher 8-22-2022 2 Research Proposal Green Information Technology Background Information In the realm of information technology management, the most recent buzzword to emerge is "green information technology" (IT). However, there is still a lack of consensus among researchers and practitioners regarding the coverage and extent of green information technology. The goal of green IT is to address a wide range of sustainability problems, some of which have nothing to do with computers. The words "green," "eco-efficiency," and "sustainable" are all frequently used by researchers in this field. In addition, various practitioner studies have emphasized the significance of eco-friendly information technology. We are now living in an age of information technology (IT), which means that computers, data centers, servers, the internet, and other machinery are used in most business sectors. Their objective is to aid firms so that they may become more intelligent, increase their profitability and operational efficiency, and, ultimately, become or stay sustainable in the highly competitive global market. The widespread use of technology, on the other hand, raises several concerns, including a significant increase in the amount of electricity used and the size of the carbon footprint left behind both of which are harmful to the environment. Because of widespread social worries about energy consumption, climate change, and the implications of these changes, these problems are increasingly inducing demand for environmental sustainability concerns. This need is growing at an alarming rate. Because widespread use of technology does lead to a rise in greenhouse gas emissions, these issues are crucial to the information technology industries. 3 Research Proposal Green IT is the systematic application of ecological-sustainability principles (such as pollution avoidance, product stewardship, and clean technology) to the design, sourcing, use, and disposal of IT technical infrastructure and IT human and management activities. Organizations and the general public might gain from implementing green IT practices. Such practices aid in making these businesses more environmentally friendly by reducing their use of resources, including power, paper, water, fuel, space, wear and tear, and waste. They boost their credibility, protect the natural world, and provide more opportunities for their citizens. Financial incentives play a significant role in driving the adoption of green IT. Even if the financial benefits of green IT practices do not materialize immediately, people do them out of concern for the planet. The study of Green IT practices may help businesses handle sustainable development issues. The return on investment (ROI) for reducing waste, energy consumption, and carbon emissions via increased productivity, cost savings, strengthened sustainability, and the avoidance of destructive environmental practices is positive. This SLR aims to identify Green IT studies. This article should make it easier for anyone who wants to contribute to this issue to access relevant literature. The procedure of locating relevant previous research is broken down into two steps. The search needs to be conducted methodically and may be broken down into two stages: the main search phase and the secondary search phase. During the primary phase, the emphasis is placed on identification using primary sources of relevant material. This step involves five different procedures, which are as follows: I. Locate possibly relevant sources, II. Eliminate Irrelevant Citations (By Screening the Title and Abstract), III. Obtain Relevant Hard Copies, IV. Eliminate Irrelevant Citations (By Screening the Full Text); and V. Include Studies in Systematic Review. This is done so that as much relevant 4 Research Proposal research as feasible may be gathered using this method. The review process must be both open and, to some extent, reproducible for the SLR to be viewed as a trustworthy document. The purpose of this paper was to conduct an in-depth analysis of academic journals and conference proceedings in green information technology. As a result of this analysis, the author has determined that further research is needed to investigate several important topics related to green information technology practices. Green information technology techniques are now receiving much attention; however, organizations have little understanding to put these principles into action. The term "green" may be used interchangeably with "environment" since it is the subject of over half of the research reviewed. This study emphasizes other areas rather than the environment as a research topic and context. This is its first testimony for future research, and it does so in the framework of future studies. When attempting to establish how much of an impact environmentally responsible information technology (Green IT) practices have on the system, an organization is a valuable case study that may serve as a focal point of attention. When a company has a favorable perspective of green information technology practices, it will lead to a more significant concern over the energy used and IT applications' influence on the surrounding environment. The limitations of the study that were carried provide some insight into the general direction of future research. According to the findings, there is a pressing need to emphasize the contributions and measures of green information technology in each field. Problem Statement Researchers in the IT field has witnessed minimal exploration of green IT solutions. Academicians have shown minimal interest in topics related to green IT and its implementation 5 Research Proposal in the modern business world. The minimal exploration and slow implementation of green IT solutions in the commercial industry has contributed to unstable sustainability in the deployment of IT. Businesses have not embraced environmental sustainability in their application of IT solutions to operations. As a result, long-term sustainable development has been minimal: low production of economic, environmental, and social benefits; low savings of resources and energy; and increased environmental pollution and degradation. This research will explore how modern businesses have deployed green IT in their operation. Later, it will recommend using green IT in the commercial sector. Research question What areas of green IT has the research community given little emphasis to in their research? Academic researchers in IT have given minimal emphasis to the green IT sector. The minimal emphasis has resulted in some areas being neglected in their research. Their researchers have not comprehensively discussed some topics related to environmental IT. The IT academic and research community has not enhanced the awareness of green IT in modern businesses (Bruce et al., 2004). Also, industry researchers have not enhanced the value of green IT in their respective industries. The resultant effect of these minimal efforts in green IT awareness is low awareness and negligence of the technology in the organization's sustainability framework. Hence exploring the areas academicians and researchers have given slight emphasis on will enhance sustainability through technology. How have modern businesses deployed green IT in their operations? 6 Research Proposal This research question focuses on how organizations have deployed green IT in their sustainability framework. The research question will aid the researcher in exploring modern businesses' sustainability plans to obtain insights on IT-related sustainability. The sustainability framework should constitute how IT is being deployed by businesses to enhance environmental, social, and economic sustainability. Modern technology has numerous impacts on the virtual environment and should seek to sustain the general surroundings and social and economic spheres. Hence this research question will aid in exploring the extent to which businesses mind sustainability while using IT in their operations. Goals of the Research Questions General Goal The general objective of this research is to explore awareness of green IT in the community. The research is driven by the concern about the impacts of IT on the environment. The research is more concerned with considering the IT impacts on the sustainability framework. This exploration will satisfy the significant research gap. However, there are specific objectives for the research. Specific Goals The first specific objective is to explore the areas of green IT that researchers have neglected. The research will explore this area to determine how significant they are to study. It will find whether not enough awareness has been given to the general greet not. The second objective is to evaluate the awareness of green IT in modern businesses as far as their sustainability framework is concerned. The research explores how modern businesses have embraced the concept in their operations. This exploration will indicate the awareness of this concept in the business world. 7 Research Proposal Hypothesis Incomprehensive research in green IT has resulted in minimal awareness of the concept in modern-day businesses. As a result, the concept has minimal deployment in enhancing the businesses' sustainability plans. Literature Review Research on green IT started in the last decade due to the rapid use of modern technology in various sectors (Rahim & Musa, 2018). Also, technological advancement has been on the rise in the last decade. Rahim & Musa (2018) have shown how green IT exploration started with the Internet of Things (IoT). The two scholars claim the green IoT research did not consider the long-term goals of sustainability plans in most businesses. As a result, green IT has been overwhelmed by rapid technological development. Organizations have not made their employees fully aware of the green IT concept. Most employees in organizations have unfavorable feelings towards green IT practices in businesses. They value the concept lowly and have minimal beliefs about the effectiveness of green IT in organizational sustainability plans (Jenkin et al., 2011). This attitude has contributed to introducing green IT in businesses in the last decade. Most commercial stakeholders have had minimal awareness of this concept, leading to inadequate responses to the concept (Nanath & Pillai, 2021). Organizations must strategize the concept and give insights to their employees on its significance. This way, employees will embrace the concept in the organization's daily practices and the general culture. 8 Research Proposal Most SMEs have minimal awareness of deploying green IT in their businesses. The trader’s lack rational strategic thinking that would aid in implementing best sustainability practices in the IT part of their businesses (Coffey et al., 2013). The practices deployed by most SMEs lack a proactive approach to modern sustainability challenges in the commercial sector. As a result, substandard environmental measures are implemented in business operations. These measures do not satisfy the environmental compliance that regulates IT usage. To some extent, their green IT strategies are just an expense due to their unproductivity (Perramon et al., 2014). Hence the minimal awareness of green IT in businesses has been a significant challenge to environmental sustainability. Lastly, most organizations face the challenge of demonstrating to their stakeholders how green IT can be implemented in industries. Green IT practices do not show immediate results, making stakeholders see it as an ineffective practice in their organization (Naim, 2021). They claim not to see a problem with the use of computers in organizations. Computer hardware has always been a significant environmental threat, leading to environmental damage. Hence organizations should show their stakeholders the essence of embracing green IT organizations. Therefore, the significant research gap is the minimal awareness of green IT practices and minimal implementation in organizations. Also, researchers have conducted preliminary research on various areas of green IT, leading to a lack of sound strategies to implement the concept in organizations. This research will effectively explore the concept and its awareness in the business sector. 9 Research Proposal References Bruce*, C., Pham, B., & Stoodley, I. (2004). Constituting the significance and value of research: Views from information technology academics and industry professionals. Studies in Higher Education, 29(2), 219-238. Coffey, P., Tate, M., & Toland, J. (2013). Small business in a small country: Attitudes to “Green” IT. Information Systems Frontiers: A Journal of Research and Innovation, 15(5), 761–778. doi:10.1007/s10796-013-9410-4 Jenkin, T. A., Webster, J., & Mcshane, L. (2011). An agenda for ‘Green’information technology and systems research. Information and Organization, 21(1), 17–40. Naim, A. (2021). New Trends in Business Process Management: Applications of Green Information Technologies. British Journal of Environmental Studies, 1(1), 12–23. Nanath, K., & Pillai, R. R. (2021). Individual and organizational factors affecting the implementation of Green IT: a case study of an Indian business school. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 87. Perramon, J., Alonso-Almeida, M. del M., Llach, J., & Bagur-Femenías, L. (2014). Green practices in restaurants: Impact on firm performance. Operations Management Research, 7(1–2), 2–12. doi:10.1007/s12063-014-0084-y Rahim, F., & Musa, H. (2018). Green technology awareness: A case of Malaysia. Environment and Social Psychology, 3(1). 1 Green Information Technology Student ITS4099-IT Research SU01 Week 3 Project 3 Teacher 8-26-2022 2 Green Information Technology Annotated Bibliography Nanath, K., & Pillai, R. R. (2021). Individual and organizational factors affecting the implementation of Green IT: a case study of an Indian business school. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 87. This article focuses on the factors influencing the adoption of Green information technology in developing countries. The authors research how the environmental sustainability framework facilitates the implementation of green IT in various fields in the modern world. A qualitative approach is used to assess how different organizations in India- a developing country- embrace green IT in their computing practices. Researchers find minimal integration and understanding between organizational adoption of IT and individuals. This article will assist the green IT research in assessing the individual awareness of green IT in American organizations. Adjei-Bamfo, P., Bempong, B., Osei, J., & Kusi-Sarpong, S. (2020). Green candidate selection for organizational environmental management. International Journal of Manpower. This journal analyzes the criteria organization should use in hiring individuals who can champion green IT. The authors claim an organization must have a human resource that embraces environmental management and conservation. Such individuals impart environmental sustainability knowledge and skills in the workplace, aiding an organization handle environmental issues effectively. Organizations should test the capacity of such individuals to promote the use of green information technological systems in the workplace. The scholarly article is of crucial use in research as it will illustrate the role of human resources in promoting green IT in organizational practices. 3 Chuang, S. P., & Huang, S. J. (2018). The effect of environmental corporate social responsibility on environmental performance and business competitiveness: The mediation of green information technology capital. Journal of business ethics, 150(4), 991-1009. This academic writing illustrates how organizations embrace green IT as part of their environmental corporate social responsibility (ECSR). ECSR is influencing organizations to invest in green capital to enhance business competitiveness while at the same time improving their environmental performance. The investment shows that compliance with environmental norms such as embracing green IT can generate additional costs to an organization. However, the investment can lead to corresponding cost reductions in other areas. Hence organizations should embrace green IT as part of their CSR. The journal will aid the research by showing how organizations should invest in green IT to reduce societal costs due to environmental damages. Dewi, P. S., & Subriadi, A. P. (2019). Influence of Organizational Culture on Green IT Adoption: Study Literature. IPTEK Journal of Proceedings Series, (1), 131-135. The academic work by Dewi & Subriadi (2019) illustrates how organizational culture determines the likelihood of an organization embracing green IT in its operations. The authors find that implementing the plan in an organization highly depends on the culture. An organization’s cultural factors, such as involvement, consistency, and adaptability, determine how the human resource will promote the implementation of green IT in the workplace. The article is of vital help in the research as it will show how organizations can adjust their organizational culture to enhance readiness for green IT. Hossain, M. I., San, O. T., Ling, S. M., & Said, R. M. (2020). The role of environmental awareness and green technological usage to foster sustainable green practices in 4 Bangladeshi manufacturing SMEs. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(7s), 3115-3124. The academic work by these researchers examines the relationship between environmental awareness and green IT usage. The research evaluates the impacts of environmental awareness and greens IT on sustainable green practices in manufacturing SMEs. Environmental awareness significantly boosts green IT adoption in SMEs, leading to sustainable practices. The awareness promotes social responsibility for environmental management and conservation. The article will aid in analyzing the social responsibility practices businesses perform to promote the usage of green technological systems. Hu, H. F., Hu, P. J. H., Yen, H. R., & Yen, B. P. C. (2022). Examining the Mediating Roles of Green Image and Readiness in Firms’ Green Information Technology Practices: An Organizational Legitimation Perspective. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 1-23. This journal evaluates the firms’ readiness to adopt green IT in their commercial activities. Hu et al. (2022) claim that various organizational factors determine the adoption of green IT practices in a firm’s business. Organizational culture and environment determine if an organization will implement green IT practices or not. External pressures such as competitors’ green practices can drive a business to adopt the initiative to enhance its competitive edge. This article will aid in analyzing how other business factors influence its ability and readiness to adopt green IT. Karademir, B. (2019). Management and Information Systems. 5 Chapter seven of Karademir’s book Management and Information Systems (2019) discusses the green information systems for sustainable management. The book claims organizations have, for a long time, ignored how business practices affect the environment negatively by the use of unsustainable business practices. Environmental sustainability awareness in computing has been minimal until the last decade. Organizations are now adopting green IT practices to manage their sustainability plans. Through this book, the researcher will analyze how organizations initiate green IT practices after becoming aware of the impacts of poor sustainability plans. Muslim, A. A., Sim, T. H., & Hee, M. (2019). Organizational green information technology (IT) adoption theoretical frameworks: A systematic literature review. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 97(3), 787-802. Muslim et al. (2019) analyze how organizations should adopt green IT strategically. The authors affirm that the adoption of the technology has been on the rise in most organizations, but they are yet to identify the appropriate strategies to implement it in the business. The article deploys qualitative research in assessing the criteria organizations should use for the most suitable green IT practices. Organizations should not adopt the sustainability plan for the sake; they should assess its feasibility and fitness in their organizational culture. As such, they can enhance the effectiveness of green IT in business. The article will therefore assist in identifying and analyzing the appropriate criteria an organization should use in the initial stages of adopting green IT. Naim, A. (2021). New Trends in Business Process Management: Applications of Green Information Technologies. British Journal of Environmental Studies, 1(1), 12–23. 6 This academic journal assesses green IT as a new trend in the business process. It assesses green IT as a practice that promotes the use of computing and technology in an environmental-friendly manner to minimize harsh climatic conditions. The authors analyze the components of computer hardware that hamper environmental sustainability. Data storage hardware has been a primary source of unfriendly materials in environmental sustainability as far as computing and IT are concerned. However, with green IT, cloud storage has emerged to promote data storage on the internet. The article will aid in showing how computer science and IT experts manipulate computer infrastructure to enhance environmental sustainability. Rahim, F., & Musa, H. (2018). Green technology awareness: A case of Malaysia. Environment and Social Psychology, 3(1). Rahim & Musa (2018) examines green IT awareness in Malaysia’s industrial sector. Their analysis points out how multinational enterprises invest in researching and developing green products to minimize hazardous environmental impacts in the supply chain. Most organizations start by creating an awareness of green IT to promote environmental sustainability at the societal level. Individuals who acquire jobs in industries start working with essential knowledge and skills in green IT. The analysis in the article shows that government regulations reinforce an employee’s knowledge. As a result, they enhance their consciousness of environmental sustainability practices. This article will aid in identifying how awareness promotes the feasibility of strategic green IT practices in industries. Samad, S., Asadi, S., Nilashi, M., Ibrahim, O., Abumalloh, R. A., & Abdullah, R. (2020). Organizational performance and adoption of green IT from the lens of resource based view. Journal of Soft Computing and Decision Support Systems, 7(2), 1-6. 7 Samad et al. (2020) analyze how organizations perceive green IT policy differently. In their article, the authors assert that organizational perceptions are highly dependent on numerous factors in their environment. Commercial institutions are influenced by institutional pressure, organizational strategy, openness, environmental performance, and competitive advantage. The green IT plan also influences employees’ views on environmental sustainability. The article will aid in researching how these factors influence the adoption of the plan and how the plan promotes organizational performance. Hence the research will indicate the significance of general organizational and employees’ perception of the green IT plan. Sasaki, H. (2018). Positioning of green information systems and technology from an ecosystem perspective. Sasaki (2018) analyzes green information systems and technology from an ecosystem perspective. The article analyzes the business, social and sustainable ecosystems and how the IT field interacts with them. The business ecosystem is disruptive to green IT due to innovations that interfere with environmental sustainability. A sustainable ecosystem positively impacts green IT adoption since it is oriented to development and community impact. The social ecosystem promotes both business and sustainable ecosystems – societies impact the green IT plan positively and negatively. These findings by Samaki (2018) will aid in discussing how the environment where green IT is adopted affects its effectiveness. Hence the scholarly article is of crucial benefit in the research.
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