Chapter 8 describes physical growth and development during the play years from 2 to 6. Video lesson 8, "The Play Years: Biosocial Development," complements the text and illustrates the physical development of children during the play years. Web Links for Ch. 8 includes a number of sites on child health, development, and nutrition.
Describe the normal physical growth patterns during the play years and discuss eating habits and nutritional needs.
Describe the process of myelination, particularly as it affects connectivity between the hemispheres, and discuss the processes of lateralization and specialization in brain development. What happens if a portion of the brain is removed or the corpus callosum is severed? Explain "plasticity."
Discuss mastery of gross and fine motor skills, and development of artistic expression.
Identify critical factors that contribute to the risk of accidental injury during the play years, and discuss approaches to prevention that have reduced accidental death rates for children.