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I need help with verbs in past present subjunctive future and conditional tenses.

Apr 23rd, 2015

Yes, I can help you with you Spanish. Let me know what you need. Thanks.

Apr 22nd, 2015

Can you help me know when to use the verb tenses I listed above?

Apr 22nd, 2015

Sure. Do you have questions from your homework you want me to help you with?

Apr 22nd, 2015

No I just need to study for the performance final.

Apr 22nd, 2015

Ok. Then let's start with the past tense. If something begin some time in the past and ended at a precise moment, then we use the PRETERITE tense.

For example, I ate diner with my parents last night:

Cené con mis padres anoche.

Do you understand that?

Apr 22nd, 2015

Yes I did. What are the endings of the preterite?

Apr 22nd, 2015

For verbs that end in -ar,  such as hablar, it would be

yo hablé

tu hablaste

el, ella, usted habló

nosotros hablamos

vostros hablasteis

ellos, ellas, ustedes hablaron

Apr 22nd, 2015

Oh ok. We don't need to learn vosotros in our class so you don't need to write that verb tense. Sorry but it just helps me that way. How about present subjunctive?

Apr 22nd, 2015

verbs ending in -er, such as comer, would be

yo comi  (sorry my keyboard doesn't let me put an accent over the i)

tu comiste

el, ella, usted comió

nosotros comimos

vosotros comisteis

ellos, ella, ustedes comieron


Apr 22nd, 2015

oh, ok, then you're learning latin American spanish

Apr 22nd, 2015

Oh ok. Is the -er verbs past?

Apr 22nd, 2015

For the subjunctive you just change the ar verbs to er verbs and the er and ir verbs to ar.

Apr 22nd, 2015

Yes, I gave you the past tense of comer, and er verb.

Apr 22nd, 2015

You change the -ar verbs to -er verbs under what tense?

Apr 22nd, 2015

I mean, an er verb.

Apr 22nd, 2015

Under PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE

Apr 22nd, 2015

For example, comer becomes like an ar verb in the present subjunctive.

I hope you eat your vegetables.

Espero que comas tus vegetables.

Apr 22nd, 2015

But I don't understand what the endings for that would be?

Is it the same endings as the past tense?

Apr 22nd, 2015

NO, the subjunctive is not the same as the past tense.

Apr 22nd, 2015

You conjugate the subjunctive tense in the present but with the ending of the opposite verbs.  AR becomers ER, ER and IR become AR.

Apr 22nd, 2015

Ok. That makes more sense. How about future tense?

Apr 22nd, 2015

Future is the easiest, just add -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -án  to the end of ALL the verbs.

Apr 23rd, 2015

What about the conditional?

Apr 23rd, 2015

That's easy too. Just add -ia, -iamos, and -ian to the end of all verbs.

Apr 23rd, 2015

Can you give me some sentences so I can see if I write the sentence with the correct verb tense?

Apr 23rd, 2015

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