I need help with verbs in past present subjunctive future and conditional tenses.
Yes, I can help you with you Spanish. Let me know what you need. Thanks.
Can you help me know when to use the verb tenses I listed above?
Sure. Do you have questions from your homework you want me to help you with?
No I just need to study for the performance final.
Ok. Then let's start with the past tense. If something begin some time in the past and ended at a precise moment, then we use the PRETERITE tense.
For example, I ate diner with my parents last night:
Cené con mis padres anoche.
Do you understand that?
Yes I did. What are the endings of the preterite?
For verbs that end in -ar, such as hablar, it would be
el, ella, usted habló
ellos, ellas, ustedes hablaron
Oh ok. We don't need to learn vosotros in our class so you don't need to write that verb tense. Sorry but it just helps me that way. How about present subjunctive?
verbs ending in -er, such as comer, would be
yo comi (sorry my keyboard doesn't let me put an accent over the i)
el, ella, usted comió
ellos, ella, ustedes comieron
oh, ok, then you're learning latin American spanish
Oh ok. Is the -er verbs past?
For the subjunctive you just change the ar verbs to er verbs and the er and ir verbs to ar.
Yes, I gave you the past tense of comer, and er verb.
You change the -ar verbs to -er verbs under what tense?
I mean, an er verb.
Under PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE
For example, comer becomes like an ar verb in the present subjunctive.
I hope you eat your vegetables.
Espero que comas tus vegetables.
But I don't understand what the endings for that would be?
Is it the same endings as the past tense?
NO, the subjunctive is not the same as the past tense.
You conjugate the subjunctive tense in the present but with the ending of the opposite verbs. AR becomers ER, ER and IR become AR.
Ok. That makes more sense. How about future tense?
Future is the easiest, just add -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -án to the end of ALL the verbs.
What about the conditional?
That's easy too. Just add -ia, -iamos, and -ian to the end of all verbs.
Can you give me some sentences so I can see if I write the sentence with the correct verb tense?
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