and Categorical Grants
Based on your readings for this week, compare and contrast a Block Grant and a Categorical
Grant. Evaluate which grant is most useful in terms of law enforcement
Today there are more than 1,100
different federal aid programs for the states, with each program having its own
rules and regulations. The system is a complicated mess, and it is getting
worse all the time.
It wasn’t supposed to be this way.
Under the U.S. Constitution, the federal government was assigned specific,
limited powers and most government functions were left to the states. To ensure
that people understood the limits on federal power, the nation’s founders added
the Constitution’s Tenth Amendment: “The powers not delegated to the United
States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to
the States respectively, or to the people.”
The Tenth Amendment embodies
federalism, the idea that federal and state governments have separate areas of
activity and that federal responsibilities were “few and defined,” as James
Madison noted. Historically, federalism acted as a safeguard of American
freedoms. President Ronald Reagan noted in a 1987 executive order, “Federalism
is rooted in the knowledge that our political liberties are best assured by
limiting the size and scope of the national government.”1
- See more at:
Money plays a
key role when it comes to I the federal government and it’s relationship with
the state. The one who finds the states
is congress, and they stipulate how the funds can be used. This is to make sure
the states cooperate with federal polices. The states have relied on federal
money since World War II. “The national government has also relied on the
states to administer some federal policies, a practice called fiscal federalism” (Sparknotes, 2015). The
term used for giving money to the states for a particular purpose is called
Grants are funds which are
non-repayable usually paid out by a grant maker often the government to a recipient
which is usually a nonprofit entity for example educational institution. There
are usually two types of grants which are block grants and categorical grants.
Block grants given by the government usually are discreet since the local
government is at free will on how they would want to use the grants provided.
These grants usually are not given for a specific purpose since the party
receiving the grants has the choice of how to use the grants.
Block grants are usually not
competitive which hence give the local government an opportunity to choose on
the projects which will be funded with the money. In another case, categorical
grants are only used for specific purposes which are usually stated by the
federal government. These type of grants are used to fund on specific projects
and the local government has no option of choice. Due to this fact, the
categorical grants are usually very competitive. Local governments and
organizations usually must apply for the grants and there after the federal
government will choose on were to allocate the grants (Frekos, 2011).
Block grants are
more advantageous since they will usually allow local governments to have a
choice on where they would like to allocate the grants. The local governments
are at a better position to identify were they would like the grants to be
In another case categorical grants might be advantageous since the
federal government gets to allocate the grants in consideration of the merits
hence choose worthy applicants. When the local government is given block
grants, it might also lead to the waste of the grants since there is no
regulation (National Center for Early Defibrillation, 2010).
Categorical grants may also be disadvantageous
since the federal government may not always have an idea as to how much each
project should consume. I think that the
categorical grant is more useful in law enforcement. This is due to the fact
that the grants that are been provided each will be accounted for hence there
will be no waste nor will the grants be mismanaged in any way since the federal
government gives out their specifications.
several nations, there are strict processes and procedures in
place that make it attainable
to audit the utilization of the
grant cash, and confirm it's really going on to those approved.
Dilger, R. J., & Boyd, E. (2014, July
15). Block Grants: Perspectives and Controversies. Retrieved from
Frekos, B. (2011). Law enforcement officials eye
budget cuts. Star-News. Document ID: 2307287991.
National Center for Early Defibrillation, (2010).
Funding Your AED Program. Retrieved from: http://www.early-defib.org/03_06_05.html
SparkNotes: Federalism: Federalism
in Practice. (2015). Retrieved from www.sparknotes.com › ... › Home ›
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