User Generated




An annotated bibliography is a document containing selected sources accompanied by a respective annotation. Each annotation consists of a summary, analysis, and application for the purpose of conveying the relevance and value of the selected source. As such, annotations demonstrate a writer’s critical thinking about and authority on the topic represented in the sources.

In preparation for your own future research, an annotated bibliography provides a background for understanding a portion of the existing literature on a particular topic. It is also a useful precursor for gathering sources in preparation for writing a subsequent literature review.

  • Locate six articles on a research topic of your interest—two quantitative research articles, two qualitative research articles, and two mixed methods research articles—published in peer-reviewed journals.
  • Prepare an annotated bibliography that includes the following:
    • A one-paragraph introduction that provides context for why you selected the research articles you did.
    • A reference list entry in APA Style for each of the six articles that follows proper formatting. Follow each reference list entry with a three-paragraph annotation that includes:
    • A one-paragraph conclusion that presents a synthesis of the six articles.
  • Format your annotated bibliography in Times New Roman, 12-point font, double-spaced. A separate References list page is not needed for this assignment.

review a qualitative research study from the peer reviewed journal.

You will need to know how to identify quantitative, qualitative and mixed method research studies from the peer reviewed literature.

For each source listed, you will begin with a summary of the information you found in that specific source. The summary section gives your reader an overview of the important information from that source. Remember that you are focusing on a source's method and results, not paraphrasing the article's argument or evidence.

The questions below can help you produce an appropriate, scholarly summary:

  • What is the topic of the source?
  • What actions did the author perform within the study and why?
  • What were the methods of the author?
  • What was the theoretical basis for the study?
  • What were the conclusions of the study?

Remember, a summary should be similar to an abstract of a source and written in past tense (e.g. "The authors found that…" or "The studies showed…"), but it should not be the source's abstract. Each summary should be written in your own words.


After each summary, your annotations should include a critique or analysis of each source. In this section, you will want to focus on the strengths of the article or the study (the things that would make your reader want to read this source), but do not be afraid to address any deficiencies or areas that need improvement. The idea of a critique is that you act as a critic—addressing both the good and the bad.

In your critique/analysis, you will want to answer some or all of the following questions (taken from the KAM Guidebook):

  • Was the research question well framed and significant?
  • How well did the authors relate the research question to the existing body of knowledge?
  • Did the article make an original contribution to the existing body of knowledge?
  • Was the theoretical framework for the study adequate and appropriate?
  • Has the researcher communicated clearly and fully?
  • Was the research method appropriate?
  • Is there a better way to find answers to the research question?
  • Was the sample size sufficient?
  • Were there adequate controls for researcher bias?
  • Is the research replicable?
  • What were the limitations in this study?
  • How generalizable are the findings?
  • Are the conclusions justified by the results?
  • Did the writer take into account differing social and cultural contexts


In this paragraph, please address how the source might fit into your own research.


Finally, the last part of each annotation should justify the source's use and address how the source might fit into your own research. Consider a few questions:

  • How is this source different than others in the same field or on the same topic?
  • How does this source inform your future research?
  • Does this article fill a gap in the literature?
  • How would you be able to apply this method to your area of focus or project?
  • Is the article universal?

Please please help me. It's 400 points. it's final

User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Explanation & Answer

It has been great working with you right from the start to the end. I wish you all the best in your academics.



The African Slave Trade
Student’s name
Course No
Submission Date



Annotated Bibliography: African Slavery
The African slave trade or the Atlantic slave trade can be defined as the transportation of
black Africans from the African soil to the American soil where their sale took place. It was
practiced in many parts of the world, i.e., Asia, Europe, America and some parts of Africa.
Africa served as the source of trade, and the inhabitants were preferred because they were cheap
and could easily be manipulated. This trade existed between the 16th century and 19th century.
Majority of those who were transported from Africa to the continent America were mainly
fetched from the western part of Africa. The slaves would later be sold to the Americans to do
un-skilled jobs in the plantations, production of clothes and other forms of hard labor.
The African slaves were preferred because of their strength and naivety. Due to their naivety,
they were easily enticed and lured into slavery. The African continent provided adequate slaves
to serve in the said nations and some Muslims nations. The Portuguese were the first people to
venture in this business, and by the year 1526, they had completed their trip to Brazil. Later,
countries such as the Britain, France, Spain, and Netherlands joined the Portuguese. There is
adequate evidence to prove that Africans were taken as slaves to the American countries, Asian
and European countries. Records show that over 12 million Africans were traded in this trade.
After 3 centuries of slave trade, countries started campaigning/fighting for the abolition of this
venture, and by the beginning of the 21st C, most governments/authorities who took had
participated in the transatlantic trade gave out their sincere apologies for taking part in the slave
trade. To understand the slave trade better, there are several scholarly articles which explain
more of it. The articles are discussed below.


3 (2017, March 06). A Short History of the African Slave Trade. Retrieved
This article tries to avoid the question of who participated in the African slave trade. It
emphasizes that there was slave trade regardless of who participated. The article further explains
the groups who held th...

Excellent! Definitely coming back for more study materials.


Related Tags