Week 4 discussion 1
and Categorical Grants
Based on your readings for this week, compare and contrast a Block Grant and a
Categorical Grant. Evaluate which grant is most useful in terms of law
enforcement operations? Why?
Our discussion first, then the
individuals response, need the good and bad of post thanks
grants are used for funding of specific activities by the government.
There may be matching requirements which require the funded agency to
contribute a certain amount of money to the project. Of particular note
in categorical grant is that it can either enforce an agenda by the local
entity, that they already had planned, or it can provide an end goal promoted
by the grantor. Categorical grants can be complex, have elaborate control
measures, and can distort local priorities (Mikesell, 2011, pp. 611-614).
This means that the categorical grants have the potential to change the local
goals and promote an agenda just to obtain funding. This may not benefit
the community in the best way. The complexity of these grants can cause
some entities to not pursue them because they do not have the administration or
personnel to manage the reporting system. Lamar Police Department has a
small categorical grant that is geared toward our Animal Shelter project, that
enables us to seek medical care, but only for abandoned animals that now belong
to us. This is limited funding but does provide monies that we would not
grant is used for funding “general-purpose governments according to a statutory
formula.” (Mikesell, 2011, p. 615) The block grant is geared toward
government agency and jurisdictional needs. The block is much more
forgiving in the reporting requirements and therefore easier to
administrate. My own experience has demonstrated the interagency
cooperation and area benefit of agencies is very important. I have
personally applied for over $1,000,000.00 in block grants and have
administrated and managed one quarter of it. The next $750,000.00 is
currently being applied for. Our small agency is working with our entire
judicial district to gain a benefit for everyone. This cooperation with
all agencies within the district also gains a major discount in the total
amounts required, due to the buying power and amount of products needed.
grant is geared for law enforcement and provides a fairly easy reporting
system. This makes block grants the most useful for law
enforcement. The block grants that I have applied for do not have a
matching requirement, which makes it easier, but it can provide for only a
limited piece of budget.
J. L. (2011). Fiscal Administration: Analysis and Applications for the
Public Sector. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.