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Apr 24th, 2015
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Block and Categorical Grants week 4 discussion 1

Based on your readings for this week, compare and contrast a Block Grant and a Categorical Grant. Evaluate which grant is most useful in terms of law enforcement operations? Why?

Our discussion the individuals response then list references  bad and good of post.

(MAR) Categorical grants finance specific and narrowly defined programs, usually limited to spending for certain activities, such as constructing a wastewater-treatment plant or paying salaries of special education teachers (Mikesell, 2011).  This type of funding is given to state and local governments but, has a specific rules and limitations on how the money will be used.  This type of grant is common in public education. States have to comply with a specific curriculum and meet the standards that are set by the Department of Education.

Block grants are less restrictive than categorical grants.  Recipients have considerable discretion in how to spend the money (Mikesell, 2011). The local government has the discretion to use this money to build new or upgrade their schools or to build new police stations to keep up with the growth in population.

Here is an analogy that can help you understand and remember the difference between these grants. Think of the difference between a car loan and a personal loan. With a car loan, you can only use the money lent to you to buy a car. But with a personal loan, you can use the money for whatever purpose you want (Benz, unknown). 

The grant that is most useful in terms of law enforcement operations would be the block grant.  With the block grant police managers can allocate the funds where they are needed most.  The money could also be allocated in programs that the department was not able to fund with yearly funds such as DARE or truancy abatement program for juveniles.

Benz, Rainer, (Unknown)  http://study.com/academy/lesson/block-grants-definition-examples.html

Mikesell, John (2011). Fiscal Administration, 8e, 8th Edition. Wadsworth, 01/2014. VitalBook file.

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