and Categorical Grants week 4 discussion 1
Based on your readings for this week, compare and contrast a Block Grant and a
Categorical Grant. Evaluate which grant is most useful in terms of law
enforcement operations? Why?
Our discussion the individuals
response then list references bad and
good of post.
(MAR) Categorical grants finance specific and
narrowly defined programs, usually limited to spending for certain activities,
such as constructing a wastewater-treatment plant or paying salaries of special
education teachers (Mikesell, 2011). This type of funding is given to
state and local governments but, has a specific rules and limitations on how
the money will be used. This type of grant is common in public education.
States have to comply with a specific curriculum and meet the standards that
are set by the Department of Education.
Block grants are less restrictive than categorical
grants. Recipients have considerable discretion in how to spend the money
(Mikesell, 2011). The local government has the discretion to use this money to
build new or upgrade their schools or to build new police stations to keep up
with the growth in population.
Here is an analogy that can help you understand and
remember the difference between these grants. Think of the difference between a
car loan and a personal loan. With a car loan, you can only use the money lent
to you to buy a car. But with a personal loan, you can use the money for
whatever purpose you want (Benz, unknown).
The grant that is most useful in terms of law
enforcement operations would be the block grant. With the block grant
police managers can allocate the funds where they are needed most. The
money could also be allocated in programs that the department was not able to
fund with yearly funds such as DARE or truancy abatement program for juveniles.
Benz, Rainer, (Unknown) http://study.com/academy/lesson/block-grants-definition-examples.html
Mikesell, John (2011). Fiscal Administration,
8e, 8th Edition. Wadsworth, 01/2014. VitalBook file.