advanced biology/microbiology/immunology write up

Question Description

I have a work in advanced biology

just one page addition + a lil editing

its a research write up

i will show files in message as its confidential

now what I need is as follows

don't forget in text citation same as the ones as before i did and my prof told me there are some words that i used that are not professional , so just make a fast reading to it and correct unprofessional words.

so there are two files

(1) my write up where the prof wants me to add one page + remove unprofessonal words

(2) the article from where u need to extract one additional page without copying anything

deadline is sharp 11 hrs

Final Answer

Find attached the completed work. I added one page and a half and done the necessary edits. Let me know if there are any concerns

Organic and Inorganic Compounds That may Stop Cancer Cell Growth

Shahad Alhazaa
Dr. Jeffrey Dean

Organic and Inorganic Compounds That may Stop Cancer Cell Growth
Cancer is one of the major human diseases that has caused numerous deaths in the twenty
first century.It is a complex disease process and a lot of studies are currently underway. The
primary abnormality that results in the development and the growth of cancer is the continuity of
the uncontrolled development of the cancer cells. Cancer cells rarely undergo apoptosis
(Campisi, J. 2005). Studies have shown that when cancer cells are isolated from tumors and
grown under controlled study the record uncontrolled growth. Cancer cells break all the rules of
a normal cell as characterized by rapid division, no rest phase and anarchy. Their mitosis rate is
unrecordable (Warburg, 2014).
The summed up loss of development control displayed by tumor cells is the net
aftereffect of amassed irregularities in different cell administrative frameworks and is reflected in
a few parts of cell conduct that recognize malignancy cells from their regular partners(Warburg,
Cancer can affect any tissue and organ in the body. They are broadly classifies as either
carcinomas or sarcomas. Sarcomas refer to cancers affecting mesencymal tissues such as bone
as in osteosarcoman and carcinoma refer to cancers epithelial tissues such as carcinoma of the
urinary bladder (Campisi, J. 2005). They can also be classifies as being benign or malignant.
Benign cancers grow slowly, have clear margins and rarely metastasis. They management is easy
and cure is amost always achieved. On the other hand, malignant cancers grow very fast, cause
massive tissue distortion by invading nearby structure and can metastase to any part of the body
(Warburg, 2014).
Distiction of cancers into either sarcoma or carcinoma guides their treatment options.
Sarcomas which include tissues with bone, muscle, connective tissue, cartilage and fat respond

Organic and Inorganic Compounds That may Stop Cancer Cell Growth

very well to chemotherapy. Carcinomas because they involve epithelial cells have a better
response to radiotherapy as compared to sarcomas. These includes cancers of the colon, breast,

and prostate (Warburg, 2014). However, it is not always clear when making these

distinction and some cancers involve mixed cell types.
All cancer studies are have their foundation in understanding the cell cycle. The stages of
mitotic cell division; prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase help
understand how cancer cells can be controlled. Mitosis is a tightly regulated process and when
this regulation is lost, that is when cancer cells start forming. The genes regulating this process
are called proto-oncogenes. A change in the DNA sequence of the proto-oncogene gives rise to
an oncogene, which produces a different protein and interferes with normal cell regulation
resulting in cancer (Campisi, J. 2005). Cell development occurs through damage in the genes or
mutation of such genetic material that leads to uncontrolled cell division.
Once proto-oncogenes mutate to oncogenes the risk of cancer happening is very high. An
example of an oncogene is

the Bcr-Abl

gene found on the Phildadelphia chromosome

associated with leukemia. However our own bodies respond by producing other genes that
suppress proliferation of these genes. These are anticancer genes and tumor suppressor genes.
For tumor-suppressor genes code for proteins,which either have a damping or repressive effect
on the regulation of the cell cycle or promote apoptosis, and sometimes do both. An example is
the Retinoblastoma gene. So for cancer to happen proto-oncogenes, anticancer genes and tumor
suppressor genes must all be afftected by various mutations (Campisi, J. 2005).
Various compounds, mostly protein based, can stop the cancer cell growth leading to its
control (Warburg,2014). This paper, therefore, explores various organic and inorganic
compounds that may stop the growth of cancer cells in the urinary bladder.

Organic and Inorganic Compounds That may Stop Cancer Cell Growth

Cancers affecting the genital urinary system are associated with old age especially
bladder and protstate cancers. However other cancers such as wilms tumor which affects the
renal cells is purely a childhood cancer. Urinary bladder cancers may also be ...

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