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RES 724V7

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Part 1:

As we have explored so far in this course, interviews are often used as primary data collection tools in qualitative research. An interview protocol is a tool that researchers use to conduct participant interviews. Using an interview protocol can help ensure standardized procedures are followed. Reach out to the literature to understand how the interview protocol is connected to the developed research question(s). 

Complete the Qualitative Mock Study Worksheet Part 3 - The Interview Protocol.

Part 2

Question 1: Review the classmates' posts and respond to at least one in a minimum of 150 words.?Explain why you agree or disagree. Then, share an example from your professional experience to support your assertions.

Determining the appropriate sample size for qualitative research is a matter of judgement and experience, the type of information as well as the quality of the information collected and the relevance of the data collect (Sandelowski, 1995). Purposeful sampling will provide the meaningful information needed to complete the study of choice (Hesse-Biber et al., 2019). The data collection choices can be selected once the type of method will be used to complete the study. The trustworthiness of the data collection is defined by the credibility, transferability, dependability, confirmability and authenticity are the five most relevant terms in qualitative research (Kyngas et al., 2019). The data collection process faces many ethical issues that may become present during the research and data collection process, by planning and addressing all anticipated ethical concerns that may arise (Hesse-Biber et al., 2019). Confidentiality refers to keeping personal identifiable information private (Kaiser, 2009). Maintaining the confidentiality of the chosen subjects during the study will require the researcher to seek the proper avenues to secure the safety and protection of the individuals involved. In some studies, associated with medical information, it requires additional ethical procedures that will protect the subjects as well as their information. 

Hesse-Biber, S. J., Creswell, J. W., & Saldana, J. (2019). CUSTOM: University of phoenix res 724 qualitative methods and design custom electronic edition. SAGE Publications.

Kaiser, K. (2009). Protecting respondent confidentiality in qualitative research. Qualitative health research, 19(11), 1632-1641.

Sandelowski M. (1995). Sample size in qualitative research. Research in Nursing & Health, 18(2), 179–183.

Question 2: Review the classmates' posts and respond to at least one in a minimum of 150 words.?Explain why you agree or disagree. Then, share an example from your professional experience to support your assertions.

Observing entails noting a phenomenon in a field setting via the five senses of the observer whistle using a note-taking item, and recording for scientific reasons. Because noting every phenomenon in the field is quite challenging, an observer is encouraged to begin broadly and later on concentrate on the research questions. Still, to gain the most from observation as a data collection method, there are certain steps that a researcher should observe. The first step is selecting the observation site where one is needed to seek permission for accessing the site. Secondly, a researcher identifies what, who, how long, and when to observe (Hesse-Biber, Creswell & Saldana, 2019). Thirdly, one needs to distinguish the type of observation based on the observer’s role- the role can vary from being a complete participant to a complete observer. The fourth step is to develop and utilize an observation protocol to guide notes where reflective and descriptive notes are included. The fifth step entails keeping a record of the physical setting, a portrait of the participants, one’s reactions, and particular activities and events in an attempt to describe exactly what occurred during the observation. The sixth step is developing a rapport by considering having someone introduce one to a group if one is an outsider. Finally, a researcher must follow the good observational procedure of withdrawing from the site and immersing providing an in-depth description of the observations made. 

Observational protocols offer data that illustrate what occurred in the field, which can be crucial for the proper and thorough development of the research. An observation protocol ensures that a researcher answers the research questions developed for the research, thus sticking to the topic of interest. An observation protocol ensures that a qualitative researcher conducts a successful observation by maintaining consistency in every step of their data collection.


Hesse-Biber, S. J., Creswell, J. W., & Saldana, J. (2019). CUSTOM: University of phoenix res 724 qualitative methods and design custom electronic edition. SAGE Publications. 

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RES/724 v7 Qualitative Mock Study Worksheet Part 3 – The Interview Protocol Use your qualitative mock study topic to complete the following interview protocol. Be sure to complete all sections unless they are marked with N/A. Insert your responses in each section below. Interview Specifics Time of Interview: N/A Date: N/A Place (in person, Zoom, etc.): Interviewer (your name): Participant(s)/Interviewee(s): N/A Position of Participants/Interviewees Describe the key interview inclusion criteria for your potential participant(s). Project Description Describe your project using basic language your participant(s) will understand. Research Question Guiding your Mock Study Write the research question that is guiding your mock study. Interview Questions Write 8-10 questions interview questions. Closing Message to Participant Write a closing message to the participant(s). Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. RES/724 v7 Qualitative Mock Study Worksheet Part 2 – Ethical Considerations This week, you will continue to develop your qualitative mock study through an exploration of key ethical considerations. For this assignment, you will describe issues related to role, access, and ethics in qualitative research studies and their relationship to research design. Complete each section below. Role of the Researcher The role of the researcher in undertaking the study will be to facilitate the identification of the feelings and thoughts of the study participants. In particular, the researcher has the primary role of defining the scope of the study and guiding the study in the direction of achieving its purpose (Xu and Storr, 2019). Inherently, the researcher guides the process of identifying strategies to help in managing communities’ economies through plans for controlling cash transfers. In undertaking their role, the researcher guides the discussion with participants while facilitating the identification of primary problems associated with cash transfers. Even though the researcher participates in the discussion, their participation is largely passive. Consequently, the researcher should not provide an opinion or lead the discussion in ways that influences the responses from participants. Still, the researcher has a significant role in identifying and reducing bias associated with their knowledge of the topic under study (Sanjari et al., 2014). Just like in other studies, the researcher will also be involved in the collection and analysis of data based on responses from participants. As such, they provide the tools and instruments for data collection as well as facilitate the interpretation and presentation of results. Access to Participants As part of the research process, interviewing participants is a primary component that is undertaken by the researcher. Thus, to understand the problems of cash transfers, the researcher Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Qualitative Mock Study Worksheet Part 2 – Ethical Considerations RES/724 v7 Page 2 of 3 will interview participants drawn from the state and local departments of finance. Public managers and administrators within the local and state offices will be interviewed to identify the effect of the cash transfer program on the community. Similarly, local politicians and other leaders will be interviewed as participants in the study to identify the problems associated with cash transfers in the community. Besides public officers and political leaders, the interview will involve leaders in not-for-profit organizations involved in socio-economic programs targeting local citizens. This study will also use focus groups for interviewing community members on their specific experiences in using the cash transfer programs. The use of focus groups is important in capturing the opinions and perceptions of community members and determining their intentions in implementing the cash transfer system. Ethical Considerations Discuss any additional ethical considerations in your qualitative mock study. Think about aspects of confidentiality, credibility, etc. Write your response on a new line below. The process of undertaking the research project imparts multiple ethical issues that need thorough consideration. In particular, the use of focus groups provides concerns regarding the confidentiality of responses derived from participants. The confidentiality of participants should be maintained through the codification of their responses and abstinence from using their names to make references to opinions. Similarly, participants will be guaranteed that their responses will not be used or accessed by other third parties and that their information and feedback will only be used in the limited process of research. Another ethical issue pertains to the credibility of findings based on the involvement of the researcher in the research process. According to Arifin (2018), there is a need to alleviate bias on the part of the researcher and effectively enhance the credibility of the results. Triangulation and prolonged engagement with data will be used to Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Qualitative Mock Study Worksheet Part 2 – Ethical Considerations RES/724 v7 Page 3 of 3 overcome this ethical issue to derive accurate themes and patterns on the cash transfer system. The role of the researcher will also be clearly defined to alleviate the potential for bias and undue influence on the participants. References Arifin, S. R. M. (2018). Ethical considerations in qualitative study. International Journal of Care Scholars, 1(2), 30-33. Sanjari, M., Bahramnezhad, F., Fomani, F. K., Shoghi, M., & Cheraghi, M. A. (2014). Ethical challenges of researchers in qualitative studies: The necessity to develop a specific guideline. Journal of medical ethics and history of medicine, 7. Xu, M. A., & Storr, G. B. (2019). Learning the concept of researcher as instrument in qualitative research. Qualitative Report, 17, 42. Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. RES/724 v7 Qualitative Mock Study Worksheet Part 1 – Research Alignment This week you will begin to develop your qualitative mock study. For this assignment, you will state the problem and purpose of your study, write a research question(s) and sub-questions (if applicable), and review and analyze your alignment of these components. Complete each section below. State the Problem State the problem, including the consequence(s) of the problem. Remember: Without a consequence, you don’t have a problem; you have a situation. Write your problem on a new line below. The problem is that most communities face economic difficulties which makes it hard to maintain economic stability in managing household activities and resources to meet their needs. Purpose of the Study The purpose statement describes the goal of the study and includes the following elements: the purpose of the study, the subjects/population who will participate in the study, the geographic location of the study, and the research methodology used in the study. Write your purpose statement on a new line below. The purpose of this study is to identify the strategies that can help manage a community's economy by creating a more strategic plan to control cash transfers which will help in aligning every household activity and resource (Fao, 2014). The purpose of the qualitative study is to identify the main problems resulting from cash transfers and identify a solution (CT-OVC) and the specific problems it will help solve. The cash transfer allowed resource-poor households to prioritize children's education and meet basic necessities without selling off possessions, incurring debt, or using harmful coping mechanisms like child labor. Research Questions Research Question The research questions are overarching questions that will guide your qualitative study. Sometimes researchers incorporate a single central research question, while other times, multiple research questions are used. If a single research question is used, at least two research sub-questions should also be included. See the CDS Dissertation Guide and Alignment Handbook in CDS Central for some additional information and examples. Write your research questions on a new line below. ● ● Which cash transfer system can a community mostly use to help control financial operations and reduce any finance burden? 1. How does cash transfer affect the community’s economy? 2. How will the community implement the cash transfer system? Will this method help to control the community’s operations and strategies and is it possible to use this strategy to make the community more profitable? 1. How will the cash transfer system help control the main problem? 2. What is the expected benefit from the new method and what are the challenges expected? Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Qualitative Mock Study Worksheet Part 1 – Research Alignment RES/724 v7 Page 2 of 2 Review and Analyze your Alignment Now review your problem, purpose, and research question(s). Be sure that you have used proper qualitative word choices (as discussed in previous weeks). Briefly explain how your problem, purpose, and research question(s) align. Write your response on a new line below. Outcomes showed that the recipient households' economic investments were boosted by CT-OVC, and sustainable livelihood methods were reinforced, however this was greatly influenced by household asset base, degree of vulnerability, and OVC count. Despite the fact that gender relations were still deeply ingrained in patriarchal social systems, there was evidence of enhanced female decision-making power in beneficiary homes (Elliot, 2016). The rapidly increasing number of orphans adopted by beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries limited the transfer's potential impact. In this case, the CT-OVC cash is important in every community and must be implemented because it helps in easy facilitation of household activities and managing all agricultural beneficial activities. Therefore, it is expected that CT-OVC will handle the economic difficulties caused in cash transfers. References Elliot, R. T. (2016). A Qualitative Study of the Growth Strategies of Mature Small Businesses. Walden University Scholar Works. Fao. (2014). Qualitative research and analyses of the economic impacts of cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa. Case Study Report. Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
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Response 1
I agree that qualitative research should involve an appropriate sample size. The relevance
of appropriate sample size is to ensure the research outcomes are credible and reliable because
quality information or data was involved. I also agree that critical aspects such as authenticity,
confirmability, dependability, transferability, and credibility should be prioritized during data
collection to eliminate barriers an...

Just the thing I needed, saved me a lot of time.


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