There are so many issues with criminal justice system, for example;
It is adversarial. The focus is on winning rather than discovering the truth. Criminal justice should be inquisitorial - the prime focus should be on discovering what happened and then on punishing or rehabilitating appropriately.
The prison system has given up on rehabilitation. It's just a place where convicts go to be warehoused. Prison makes criminals worse when they come out, instead of trying to get them to stop committing crimes.
The system is incredibly tilted against the poor and minorities.
There are in practice no longer any protections against unreasonable search and seizure.
Failure to address issues with the mentally ill in the legal system.
The Courts are an enormous bureaucracy.
Lawyers are motivated by wealth. This has dire consequences for the poor and certainly corrupts the entire system.
Reliance on eyewitness testimony. This is notoriously unreliable. (Not quite as true today with new technologies, but thousands of innocent people have been falsely condemned).
Prison systems are a school for psychopaths, who all to often are unleashed on society.
These issues are still found in our societies today because the society is also prejudiced
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