Babies begin to take in sensory experiences from the world around them from the moment of birth, and the environment will continue to exert a powerful influence on behavior throughout life.It has been proved that genetics can have a powerful influence on development, but experiences are equally important.
For example, while the genetic code contains the information on how a child's brain may be pre-wired, it is learning and experience that will literally shape how that child's brain grows and develops. Some of the classic theories of psychology focus on the importance of experience and how it shapes behavior and personality
there are a number of other experiences that can play a major role in shaping a child's development. The experiences that parents and other caregivers provide during the earliest years of a child's life can be some of the most crucial.
While some children might receive enriched childhood experiences from parents who are responsive, caring and attentive, other children might receive less attention and their parents might be distracted by worrying about money, work or relationship issues.
As you might imagine, such varying experiences can have a dramatic impact on how these children develop. Children raised in an enriched environment might be more secure, confident and capable of dealing with later challenges, while those raised in less enriched settings might feel insecure, self-doubting and unable to cope with life's difficulties.
Three of the major theories that describe and explain how children learn include:
classical conditioning- This type of learning involves making an association between a stimulus and a response. In a classic experiment, Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov discovered that repeatedly pairing the sound of a bell with the presentation of food caused dogs to associate the tone itself with food.
Operant conditioning -When you reward a behavior, chances are that same behavior is likely to occur again in the future. When a behavior is punished, it becomes less likely that it will occur again in the future.
Observational learning- As you might expect, kids can learn a great deal simply from watching their parents, peers and siblings. Even the behaviors they observe on television, video games and the Internet can impact their own thoughts and actions.
please best :)
Apr 27th, 2015
Did you know? You can earn $20 for every friend you invite to Studypool!