- couplet (Hamlet explains to his mother that his behavior is not an act, scene 2)
- elision (Bernardo describes the movement of the stars, scene 1)
- syncope (Horatio describes the sunrise, scene 1)
- masculine rhyme / ending (The last two lines of Hamlet’s response to his mother’s concerns about his behavior, scene 2)
- feminine rhyme / ending (Claudius presents the court with his appraisal of Fortinbras’ advance, scene 2)
- diacritical accent (all over the place)
Language / Rhetorical Devices
- allusion (Hamlet contrasts himself with Hercules, scene 2)
- antithesis (Claudius explains the death of his brother and his marriage to the widow, scene 2)
- oxymoron (Claudius explains the death of his brother and his marriage to the widow, scene 2)
- polysyndeton (Hamlet responds to his mother’s question regarding his grief, scene 2)
“But look, the morn in russet mantle clad / Walks o’er the dew of yon high eastward hill.” (I, 1, 166-167)
Horatio’s use of personification in these lines creates a vision of the slow progression of the rust-colored sun over the horizon, like a man (“clad” and “walks”) would gradually come into view as he walks over a hill.
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