Two Resolutions Paper

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Nmvm456

Humanities

Description

I need to write two resolutions answering these two issues.

Resolution One:

- Addressing Global Conflict and Security in the context of Climate Change (GA)

Resolution Two:

- Ensuring Human Security in Conflict and Post-Conflict Countries (GA)

I need each one in single word file.

I need to make two (2) copy for each resolution one for me and another for my friend, we are in the same class and same teacher and make sure you make them different.

Total will be 4 word files: 2 addressing resolution One and 2 addressing resolution Two

The format and sample in the attached files.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Resolution Assignment As part of your preparation for the miniMUN, you will need to research and write two resolutions. You will need a resolution for each of the topics in the committee. Resolutions outline the actions the United Nations should take on the topic under discussion. Resolutions follow a particular format for each conference. You will be using the MUNFW style. Below are the important points to include and follow. 1. Format a. Parts The MUNFW resolution format includes specific parts: Heading (Code, Committee, Session, Country name), Title and Clauses (Preambulatory and Operative). Attached are the MUNFW requirements for Resolutions and Initiating Phrases. You will be responsible to follow this format. Attached as well is a GA resolution, and "Additional Guidelines for Resolutions." b. Text 1. Parts - The text is composed of two parts: Preambulatory and Operative Clauses a. Preambulatory clauses are "justifications for actions." Their purpose is to set the context for the actions you are proposing. No action is called for in these phrases, but rather the committee is reminded of important issues and past actions. b. Operative Clauses detail the specific actions the committee is requesting. Be sure to: include specific actions, only assign actions to parts of the UN that have jurisdiction in that area, describe how your actions will be funded. 2. Initiating Phrases (Clauses) – Preambulatory and Operative Clauses have their own set of initiating phrases. Attached is a list of Initiating Phrases used by MUNFW (choose only clauses from this list and use the correct clause based on the part). All clauses are to be started with these introductory words. c. Format - note the format requirements in the handout from MUNFW (Initiating Phrases are underlined and indented, operative phrases are underlined, numbered and indented, double spaced between clauses, commas between preambulatory clauses and semi-colons between clauses, period at the end) 2. Grading You will be graded on 50% a. Content (how closely the resolution fits to the topic area, conforms with the jurisdiction of the body, and proposes concrete actions) 25% b. Use of Correct Initiating Phrases 25% c. Format General Assembly LXVII Session MUNFW Addressing Global Conflict and Security in the Context of Climate Change The General Assembly, Acknowledging that the nature of climate change calls for international cooperation and collaboration for an effective and collective international response, while considering the various capabilities of each Member State, Expressing concern about previous, current, and potential impacts of global climate change, including but not limited to rising sea levels, drought and famine in arid regions, and lack of access to clean drinking water, Recognizing that mass migrations and internal displacement caused by environmental hazards, natural disasters, and issues of security, are strenuous on displaced persons and Member States hosting these persons, Restating the previous commitments of all Member States to appropriately address refugees and migrants in managing movement across national borders, Acknowledging the international cooperation with efforts and regenerating the infrastructure of nations that have been affected by conflict stemming from climate change, Reaffirming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Understanding that Member States fulfill important roles in developing the design and establishment of humanitarian assistance to Member States in need of support, Seeking the prompt resolution of the impacts of global climate change and climate-related conflict across the globe, 1. Endorses the use of Non-Governmental Organizations in distributing mnetary aid, ensuring food security and resources, and promoting climate-change educational programs to reinforce the understanding of the impact of our actions on the stability of our environment; 2. Recommends the United Nations Human Rights Council increase oversight and education on Human Rights within the security sector, in the context of regional and cultural awareness; 3. Calls for the participation of the global community in promoting climate change awareness through the use of media campaigns; 4. Stresses the focus on equipping Member States with preparedness and adaptation skills to cope with the effects of climate change through international cooperation and proactivity, with a focal point on open communication of ideas; 5. Calls upon Member States with either innovative resource conservation strategies or alternative energy technologies to share their methods with all Member States, particularly developing Member States, in an effort to alleviate issues caused by global climate change and conflict; 6. Endorses the development of effective practices, including the rehabilitation and construction of infrastructure, to provide humanitarian aid to persons in regions affected by climate change and climate-related conflict. GUIDELINES FOR WRITING RESOLUTIONS What is a Resolution? A resolution is a statement of international opinion, or a piece of international law. It is the primary output of committees in the United Nations. Most committees adopt resolutions that are statements; however, the Security Council adopts binding resolutions. Stages in the Life of a Resolution WORKING PAPER When delegates have just begun working on the document, the document is not a “resolution,” but a “working paper.” A document is a working paper from the moment it is created until it is “codified” or “approved by the dais,” which essentially means that it has been edited and meets the format rules of the conference, at which point it becomes a draft resolution. Prior to this approval, it is not officially property of the committee, and cannot be referred to in speeches. DRAFT RESOLUTION The draft resolution phase begins with being codified, at which point the code is added to the top of the document, and the sponsor and signatory lists are removed. At this point the members of the committee can vote it upon. It can be printed and distributed to the delegates and now it can be referred to in speeches. It is also now the “property of the body,” meaning that it is no longer “owned” by the authors but by the committee at large. The draft resolution phase ends when delegates move into Voting Bloc on the topic. RESOLUTION After a draft resolution has been voted on in voting bloc, it becomes a resolution (if it passes). Parts of a Resolution CODE The code is used for identification and consists of four parts – the committee acronym (i.e. “SC”), the status (“RES” for resolution, “DR” for draft resolution), the number of the topic (you can find this in the background guides), and the number of the document itself, with 1 being the 1st one being approved by the Dais. Example: For the General Assembly’s 1st draft resolution on its 3rd topic, the code is GA/DR/3/1. COMMITTEE This is the full name of your committee. SPONSORS Sponsors of a draft resolution are countries that support the resolution; they are bound to support it and vote in favor of it by virtue of being a sponsor. Usually, the list of sponsors is the list of the primary authors of the draft resolution. The dais removes the list of sponsors when the working paper is codified. SIGNATORIES Signatories are similar to sponsors, except that they are not bound to support the document. “Signing on,” or becoming a signatory, means that you want the resolution to be debated and/or voted upon – no more, no less. Page | 10 Note: The number of total signatories and sponsors will be announced by the dais at the end of the first committee session, and will be written up visibly within the committee room. The total minimum number of sponsors + signatories is equal to 20% of delegates present during the first committee session, with minimum of 1 sponsor. An example of this is, if you have 50 delegates present after the first roll call has taken place, the minimum number of sponsors+ signatories is 10; thus you must have at least 9 signatories and 1 sponsor to present the working paper to the dais for consideration and edits. TITLE The title is usually the title of your topic (i.e. “The Situation in Iran”), though it can also refer to a particular proposal within the document at the discretion of the sponsors and the dais. PREAMBULAR / PREAMBULATORY CLAUSES Preambular clauses (also known as “preambulatory clauses” or “pre-ams”) are the clauses that provide context, reasoning and justification for the operative clauses. They usually “set up the problem” or explain why the committee feels a need to act. They also usually get more specific and state why the committee feels a need to act in the specific way they’re going to. The first portion of the clause is italicized. Preambular clauses may not be amended or divided. OPERATIVE CLAUSES Operative clauses are the parts of the resolution that actually do something. If you’re sending in peacekeepers, condemning a country’s actions, calling for a ceasefire, or allocating money, it takes place in the operative clauses. The first portion of the clause is underlined, and each operative clause is numbered. Please see the next two pages for words that can be used to begin preambular and operative clauses as well as examples of the language, tone and structure of these clauses. Preambular Clauses Affirming Also bearing in mind Commending Deeply appreciative Deeply disturbed Emphasizing Expressing its regret Expressing its support Having received Noting with gratitude Reaffirming Re-emphasizing Reiterating its conviction Stressing its desire Taking note Appreciating Believing Conscious Deeply concerned Desirous Expressing concern Expressing particular concern Having considered Looking forward Noting with satisfaction Realizing Regretting Reiterating its dismay Strongly emphasizing Taking note with satisfaction Bearing in mind Calling attention Deeply alarmed Deeply conscious Determined Expressing its concern Expressing its satisfaction Having examined Noting with concern Profoundly concerned Recalling Reiterating its appreciation Stressing Strongly supporting Welcoming Page | 11 Examples of Preambular Clauses: Guided by the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and recalling the International Covenants on Human Rights and other relevant human rights instruments, [Note the broad reference to the Charter of the United Nations and all relevant international human rights instruments – often at the beginning of a resolution] Reaffirming the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the outcome of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and international law, in particular international human rights and humanitarian law, [Note the specific references to international documents of particular relevance to the topic at hand, which in this case is gender equality] Calling upon the [Member State] to cooperate with the international community in order to achieve concrete progress with regard to human rights and fundamental freedoms, and to take immediate steps to ensure a free and fair electoral process which is transparent and inclusive, leading to a genuine democratic transition through concrete measures, [Note the specific calls for a Member State in particular to take action broadly within their country] Recalling also all relevant Security Council resolutions and statements by the President of the Council on the situation in [Country], in particular resolutions 1659 (2006) of 15 February 2006, 1817 (2008) of 11 June 2008, 1868 (2009) of 23 March 2009 and 1890 (2009) of 8 October 2009, as well as the statements by the President of the Council of 11 July 2008 and 15 July 2009, [Note the specific list of relevant resolutions and presidential statements] Operative Clauses Acknowledges Appeals Approves Calls for Commends Declares Demands Determines Expresses concern Expresses its full support Notes with appreciation Proclaims Recommends Renews its request Stresses Supports Takes note with satisfaction Affirms Appoints Authorizes Call upon Condemns Declares its firm opposition Denounces Encourages Expresses its appreciation Expresses its gratitude Notes with interest Reaffirms Rejects Requests Strongly condemns Takes note Urges Affirms its confidence Appreciates deeply Calls Calls once more upon Considers Declares its solidarity Deplores Endorses Expresses its deep concern Fully supports Notes with satisfaction Recalls Renews its appeal Shares the concern Suggests Takes note with appreciation Welcomes Page | 12 Example: 6. Requests the States parties to the relevant instruments on weapons of mass destruction to consult and cooperate among themselves in resolving their concerns with regard to cases of non-compliance as well as on implementation, in accordance with the procedures defined in those instruments, and to refrain from resorting or threatening to resort to unilateral actions or directing unverified non-compliance accusations against one another to resolve their concerns; [Note: Clause calls upon Member States that are party to specific agreements to adhere to guidelines and take action on implementation] 12. Strongly calls upon [Government] to take urgent measures to put an end to violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, including the targeting of persons belonging to particular ethnic groups, the targeting of civilians by military operations, and rape and other forms of sexual violence, and to end impunity for such acts; [Note: Clause calls upon a specific Government to end human rights violations in country] 8. Requests the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member States on the issue of the promotion of multilateralism in the area of [issue] and to submit a report thereon to the General Assembly at its sixty-fifth session; [Note: Requests that the Secretary-General submit a report on a specific aspect of an issue for the next session] Page | 13
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Explanation & Answer

hello here is your project please take a look at it and feel free to contact me in case of any revisionthanks

Surname 1
General Assembly

Session MUNFW

Sponsors: Indonesia, Vietnam, India, Cuba, Angola

Addressing Global Conflict and Security in the Context of Climate Change

General Assembly

Deeply concerned with the current impact of climate change and the threat it poses on cultural,
environmental, social and economic well-being and the security of the various member states;

Noting that without effective mitigation strategies to help save the world from global conflicts
and climate change, climate change may affect the security of the environment as we approach
the year 2030,

Aware that the adverse changes in climate may lead to an increase in social tension, potential
displacement, political unrest, disruption of livelihoods as well as lead to food insecurity,

Acknowledging that climate change can aggravate the potential drivers of conflict and instability
that include access to basic needs such as food and water, movement of population in search of
places not affected by the changes, border disputes as well as cases of inequality,

Hereby to help eliminate the issue of climate change;

Surname 2
1. Commit member states to continue developing approaches to fight climate change, steady
with their ability to actively protect and defend their regional environment with the
support of the MUNFW;
2. Request member states to continue strengthening the meteorological services in place as
well as mitigate climate change measures to prevent the escalation of the current
situation;
3. Call on member states to put in place effective and immediate measures that lower toxic
gas emissions and adopt cleaner fuels such as b...


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