In a project-based organizational structure, a company's departments and personnel are organized around each particular project. For example, many project-based organizations have project managers that run teams of employees. These employees are often from different departments and have different job titles, but all are needed to get the project done. Typically, there are many teams operating at once, but they have no need to interact with each other because each team is focused on completing its project.
Non-project-based organizational structure is an umbrella category that includes all organizational structures that are not designed around projects. One of the most common types of non-project based organizational structure is the functional model. In this model, a manager or owner oversees several different department heads, each of whom runs one department in which a specific function is performed. For example, a business may include separate departments for manufacturing, accounting, marketing, and human resources. Because the organization is based around functions, not projects, this business is a non-project-based organization.
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