implement objectives of healthy people 2020

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Using the information from the interview you conducted in Week 2, list in descending order the support needs of your participant. Also discuss how to implement objectives of Healthy People 2020 to increase wellness. Give examples of appropriate interventions of the professional caregiver, for example, the nurse.

Submit your findings in a 4- to 5-page Microsoft Word document.

Support your responses with examples.

On a separate references page, cite all sources using APA format.

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  • Name your document SU_NSG4055_W3_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.
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Running Head: ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES 1 Analysis of Type 2 Diabetes Name Instructor Institutional Affiliation Date ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES 2 Questionnaire 1. Do you know the signs and symptoms of diabetes Yes, some of the signs and symptoms of this illness include but not limited to weight loss, increased hunger, blurred vision, fatigue, darkened skin and increased thirst. 2. Do you know the procedure and steps to take in case you witness signs of diabetes Yes, once I experience one or more signs of the illness, I take my medications and immediately contact the doctor for further instructions and recommendations. 3. Do you understand the procedures and steps that you are told by the medics to do in order to manage the condition Yes, the healthcare professionals recommended a range of coping skills I can adopt to manage type 2 diabetes. Some of the coping skills include eating healthy and engaging in regular exercises. 4. Do you understand the reason to abstain from certain foods substances No, I don’t understand the relationship between food substances and type 2 diabetes. 5. In your opinion, do you think you are given any information by the health practitioners? If yes, do you think it is helpful Yes, the healthcare practitioners provide information regarding the illness and how to manage it. They also give recommendations on how to eat healthy. All this information is helpful because they enable me and my family to effectively address the illness. ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES 6. Do you see any importance and relevance of taking the medicine and other supplementary substances to manage your illness Yes, medications prescribed by the healthcare professionals are important because they assist in managing and treating the illness. 7. Do your caregivers explain to you the importance of observing all the rules as prescribed by the medics Yes, the caregivers give clear guidelines on the benefits of observing all the rules as prescribed by the medics. According to the caregivers, following all the instructions as prescribed by the medics is critical in managing and treating type 2 diabetes. 8. Do caregivers listen to your concerns and preferences and do they take action in favor of your issues you raise. Yes, they listen and take necessary measures in favor of the issues I raise. For instance, am not comfortable with insulin injections and therefore the caregivers provide alternative treatments am comfortable with. 9. How often do you exercise and how do you exercise I rarely engage in exercise activities. 10. Do you smoke Yes, I have been smoking even before I had type 2 diabetes. 11. Do you have a meal plan 3 ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES 4 No, I eat whatever is available. 12. How often do you take test Very often 13. Do you strictly follow doctor's rules and stipulation Yes, I follow the medications prescribed. The Person with the Illness The person identified who has type 2 diabetes is one of my close family members. Diabetes is an illness that causes the levels of blood glucose to increase significantly than the normal increase. Typically, with type 2 diabetes, the body fails to properly utilize the insulin hence insulin resistance. The name of the family member with type 2 diabetes is T.J, and he is 63 years old. Senior citizens of age 60 and above are susceptible to type 2 diabetes than other individuals. Essentially, statistics show that approximately 15% of the total population with type 2 diabetes are 60 years and above. Analysis of the Results The Patient’s Perspectives The questionnaires administered to TJ addressed all aspects of the illness. The primary objective of administering the questionnaires was to determine whether or not the patient, as well as his family members and friends, are conversant with the illness. The questionnaires contained a list of 13 questions that entailed the most basic elements such as signs and symptoms of type 2 ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES 5 diabetes to complex elements such as the coping skills the patient is utilizing in regards to addressing the illness. Based on the responses of the patient, it’s clear that he is aware of the fundamental signs and symptoms of the illness. For instance, T.J stated that some of the signs and symptoms of the illness range from weight loss, increased hunger, blurred vision, and fatigue to darkened skin and increased thirst (Taylor, 2013). T.J also understands the risks associated with type 2 diabetes and acknowledges the importance of taking necessary precautions and medications to manage the illness. The patient also takes seriously the prescriptions and recommendations given to him by healthcare professionals. Furthermore, the patient is aware of the processes and steps to be taken once he experiences signs of diabetes. From his response, T.J understands that in case he experiences one or more signs of type 2 diabetes, he is to take some prescribed medications and immediately seek medical attention. However, the patient does not understand why he has to abstain from taking certain food substances. T.J is not conversant on how food substances are related to his medical condition and in some, instances he even ignores the doctor’s advice of refraining from taking some food. Based on the responses from the questionnaires administered to the patient, it’s clear that T.J understands some limited elements of type 2 diabetes. Moreover, he does not go an extra mile to take care of himself as far as the illness is concerned. For instance, when asked whether or not he smokes, he said that he regularly smokes because he doesn’t see any relationship between smoking and type 2 diabetes. The patient also lacks a meal plan and rarely engages in exercise activities. In a nutshell, from the responses, the patient has limited knowledge and understanding of his illness. Such limitations restrict the patient from engaging in safe practices and can negatively affect the patient’s health. ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES 6 The Perspectives of Friends and Family Members Similarly to the patient, the family members and friends of T.J also have limited information regarding the illness. The family members and friends are aware of the most basic signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes but do not know how to handle the patient especially when he has one of the diabetic episodes. Additionally, due to knowledge limitation, they cannot advise the patient on what to do as far as the illness is concerned (Chatterjee Khunti, Davies, 2017). Coping Skills The following are some of the coping skills that can be utilized to manage type 2 diabetes I. Improve diet One of the ways to effectively manage type 2 diabetes is to keep close tabs on a diet. Some of the healthy diet that an individual with this type of diabetes can eat include but not limited to whole grains, fresh vegetables and fruits, lean meats, beans, and low-fat dairy. Consuming non-starch vegetables such as lettuce, carrots, and broccoli are essential in managing the illness. A patient with type 2 diabetes should also consume limited fast and frozen foods. II. Regular exercise Engaging in regular exercise is critical when managing type 2 diabetes. Regular exercise means losing some additional pounds hence improving the blood sugar levels. Health care professionals advise patients with this type of illness to strive and lose weight in an attempt to manage the illness. ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES III. 7 Control sleep apnea Many obese individuals with type 2 diabetes suffer from sleep apnea, a condition that causes an individual to stop breathing while sleeping. Health experts argue that individuals with this type of illness are susceptible to stroke and/or heart attack that can result in death. Typically, sleep apnea can be controlled by losing weight, and in extreme cases, a patient can undergo surgery (Vijan, 2010). IV. Other coping skills include but not limited to reducing stress, monitoring the blood sugar levels, taking medications, and engaging in aerobics among others. Treatment and Support Aspects of Type 2 Diabetes In addition to engaging in regular exercise and eating healthy, type 2 diabetes can be treated by using insulin therapy or diabetes medication. One of the treatments for this illness is Metformin that works by refining the sensitivity of the tissues to insulin with the goal of enabling the body to use the insulin effectively. Glucophage and Glumetza are examples of metformin. Other medications include Sulfonylureas, Meglitinides, and Thiazolidinediones. Insulin therapy is another treatment alternative and entails injecting insulin into the body using insulin injections (Barnett, 2012). The responses and analysis mentioned above significantly impact the care plan development for type 2 diabetes. For instance, the coping skills for this illness enable individuals to manage and control it. Such control and management assist patients in avoiding the adverse effects of the illness. Moreover, the treatment and support aspects of type 2 diabetes impact care plan development in the sense that patients with this condition can easily and effectively manage ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES 8 the illness’ negative effects. By getting necessary treatment options for type 2 diabetes, patients can recover from the illness (Etats-Unis, Centers for disease control and prevention (Etats-Unis), & National center for health statistics (Etats-Unis), 2012). ANALYSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES 9 References Barnett, A. H. (2012). Type 2 diabetes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chatterjee, S., Khunti, K., & Davies, M. J. (2017). Type 2 diabetes. The Lancet. Etats-Unis., Centers for disease control and prevention (Etats-Unis), & National center for health statistics (Etats-Unis). (2012). Healthy people 2010: Final review. Washington (D.C.: Government printing Office. Taylor, R. (2013). Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes care, 36(4), 1047-1055. Vijan, S. (2010). Type 2 diabetes. Annals of internal medicine, 152(5), ITC3-1.
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Explanation & Answer


Support Structure: Diabetes Mellitus - Outline

Support Needs
Nutritional Support
Social Care Support/Support Group


Implementing Objectives Of Healthy People 2020
Healthy Lifestyle Plan
Clinical Support
Support Group
Home Intervention


Support Structure: Diabetes Mellitus




Support Structure: Diabetes Mellitus
Support Needs
The supports need to be addressed for TJ have been arranged regarding his most urgent
need descending. The criteria for used to discern how each support is crucial to TJ has been done
in consideration with his age and in adherence with objectives of healthy people 2020 in
To TJ, at his age and his susceptibility to death due to his condition, information becomes
an essential protection for him. Unlike other conditions, diabetes is all about those decisions a
patient knowingly and unknowingly makes when alone. These are the decisions that determine
whether that patient improves as the doctor has envisioned and within the allocated time gap.
Therefore, it is essential that a patient is armed with the right information to tackle diabetes and
protect themselves from situational failures. TJ seems to know a lot concerning his condition, but
he seems to lack the understanding that comes with failure to live a strict healthy lifestyle. For
example, he takes his drugs faithfully and has an understanding of coping skills, but he does not
seem to understand how his lifestyle affects his status.
Possessing the right information and choosing to adhere to it is perhaps the determinant of
life and death for TJ. The correct information for TJ will help him address the following:
a) Have an understanding regarding his condition and how it is affected by the choices he
makes on a daily basis. This will allow him to make the right healthy decisions that...

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