The following questions must be answered within 250 words each
1. The origin of a leader has been a topic of
debate for decades. While some believe that leaders are born, others
argue that leaders are made. Both sides of the debate have major
implications for future leaders and the I/O psychologists who will work with them.
Explore the relationship between leadership characteristics, including innate
ability, personality, and communication.
Do you believe that leaders are born or
made? Why? Describe how an individual’s personality helps or
hinders his/her leadership ability. Compare and contrast leaders with
managers. What are the similarities and differences between these two
titles? Explain how communication style impacts leadership effectiveness.
Do you have to be an effective communicator to be a leader? Why or why not?
2. Although originally an Eastern concept, team
culture has slowly been integrated into the culture of the American
workplace. As we learned this week, there are several types of teams that
one can be a part of: self-managed work team (S.M.W.T.) , manager-led teams,
cross-functional teams, project teams, virtual teams and more. Based on
your reading this week, consider the following:
Using your previous experience as a team member,
describe a team experience that lacked cohesion and/or was inefficient.
After reviewing the components of team composition (i.e., personality,
cognitive abilities, diversity, size), that are listed in your course text,
describe how the components correlated to the challenges your team faced.
Additionally, describe one of your positive team experiences and how these
components were essential to the success of your team.
3. Testing and assessment are critical components
of selection, recruitment, and training and development processes in any
business or organization. Identify an assessment that might be used by an
I/O psychologist working in your industry (this may be an assessment that you
have taken or one you are familiar with). Describe the intended
purpose and population for this assessment. Evaluate the validity and reliability
of this assessment. Do you think that the assessment is measuring what it
is intended to measure? Identify at least two strengths and at least two
weaknesses of the assessment.
4. Positive psychology focuses on improving the
performance and morale of employees. In this week’s chapters, we learned
that positive psychology plays a large role in an organization’s performance
appraisals and/or training and development.
In your own words, define positive
psychology. Explain how positive psychology manifests itself in your
workplace. Assess whether positive psychology is more applicable to
performance appraisal processes or the training and development process.
5. Employee attitudes are one of the many
components that contribute to the overall health and well being of an
individual within an organization. Think about the best and the worst
boss you have ever had (if you have never had a boss, interview a friend or
family member who has had one). How did your attitude shape the
affective and behavioral components in the workplace? Of the theories we have
discussed throughout the course, which one(s) assist in explaining poor
leadership/management and its effects in an organization?