Reportive definitions may be subdivided into lexical, disciplinary, and historical, while stipulative definitions may be subdivided into arbitrary and precising. Use these categories to classify the following definitions. Complete each of the ten items.
Here are two examples for you to review before you get started:
Example 1: Cardiac stents to which drugs are attached are called drug-eluting stents. Answer: Reportive, disciplinary (medicine)
Example 2: What the ancient Romans called a "sestertium" was a monetary unit comparable to the dollar. Answer: Reportive, historical
Meanings of Lexical, Disciplinary, Historical, arbitrary, and précising.
Reportive: Explains how a word is actually used
- a. Lexical: How a word is used in ordinary life
- b. Disciplinary: How a word is used in some special area (technical use)
- c. Historical: How a word was used in a past time
- "The word antibiosis was first used by Vuillemini in 1889 to describe the phenomenon where one organism is in opposition to the life of another." -- P.R. Burkholder, Antibiotics
- "Orthopedics" is the medical specialty that treats disorders of the skeletal system.
- According to the alchemists, "calx" was the ash or fixed part of a substance remaining after it was burned.
- An element is a substance, a sample of matter consisting solely of atoms with the same atomic number. W. A. Kieffer, Chemistry: A Cultural Approach
- To "barbadoes" a person meant the same in the seventeenth century as to "shanghai" him meant in the nineteenth. Sidney W. Mintz, Columbia Forum (Spring, 1970)
- Military authorities define a juvenile as someone younger than 16 years of age. Human rights groups, however, set the age at below 18.
- Style is used here to refer to those features of writing that are concerned with clear and effective exposition. Elements of Reasoning, Chapter 12
- "Gorram!" is an exclamation that is now commonly used instead of a curse word.
- In 1996 Precision Marketing magazine coined the word adultescent to refer to people whose interests are adolescent but whose incomes are adult.
- To warble, in Navy terminology, is to vary the frequency of an electronic signal to ensure that the frequency to which a mine will respond is included within the range.
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